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Not credible: Zimbabwe's 2013 election results marred by fraud 

Zimbabwe has been praised for holding 'peaceful' elections on the 31 July this year, and it is true that the polls were calm in comparison to the terrible violence seen in 2008. But it hides an ugly truth that intimidation prevailed, impacting on the right of citizens to vote freely for a party of their choice, along with a calculated strategy to skew the result to the advantage of the Zanu PF party. Mugabe and Zanu PF can only be celebrated as true credible winners - therefore justifiable leaders of Zimbabwe - if their victory was determined by free and fair elections. We don't know what the result of a free and fair election would be in Zimbabwe, because we have not seen one. We believe that the results declared by the Zimbabwe Election Commission (ZEC) cannot be viewed as either credible or legitimate for a variety of reasons, which we chronicle on this page. 

Not credible: Zimbabwe's 2013 election results marred by fraud

Missing Voters' roll at the heart of the fraud

Size of Zimbabwe voters roll Sample from roll showing duplicated names MDC-T withdraws petition MDC-T withdraws petition
The size of Zimbabwe's voters' roll in hard copy Sample of voters' roll showing duplicated names Page 1 of MDC-T petition affidavit withdrawing challenge Page 2 of MDC-T petition affidavit withdrawing challenge

[Click images above to enlarge

Zimbabwe's voters' roll takes center stage in allegations of fraud. Zimbabwe's law preserves the right for all parties and candidates to have a searchable electronic version of the voters' roll in reasonable time before elections. More than two weeks after the elections, nobody has seen an electronic copy of the voters' roll. (Note: This was not the only law broken). Prior to the elections the Zimbabwe Electoral Commission (ZEC) claimed there were logistical problems with issuing a copy in electronic format. This claim is utterly absurd given the ease of electronic communication, leaving reasonable people with the only conclusion possible; namely, deliberate obstruction by ZEC.

The MDC-T received a hard-copy of the voters' roll at 4pm on the day of the elections itself. But the size of the document - delivered in print and when the polls had almost concluded - provided little means for them to conduct proper analysis. This is an insult to justice. Nevertheless, a sample - based on one constituency - was provided to the media a few days before 31 July by one party, and it demonstrated many names duplicated with minor changes made to details (see sample released to the media here). This, it was concluded, would allow people to vote more than once for a party, and testimony from Zimbabweans on election day supports this assumption (see section below). That party was Zanu PF. The MDC-T also claimed it found 838,000 entries with the same name, address and date of birth but different ID number, 350,000 people who are more than 85 years old and 109,000 aged over 100 - including a 135-year-old army officer. 

In addition to these possible errors (which ZEC's refusal to disclose the voters' roll doesn't allow to be proven or disproven), the entire registration process leading up to the elections was hampered by criticism. Sokwanele monitors Zimbabwe's compliance with SADC electoral guidelines and all four issues of our Zimbabwe Election Watch (ZEW) project reports (see Issues 1, 2, 3 and 4 here) were dominated by registration irregularities, to the point it was becoming farcical and glaringly obvious that things were seriously amiss (view the variety of problems plauging the registration process here - filter on SADC clause 4.1.3). 

The absence of the voters' roll has also prevented parties from challenging the results of the election in court: the MDC-T today (16 August 2013) withdrew its challenge because, without a copy of the roll which it still does not possess, it was unable to conduct the type of analyses required to form the basis of its challenge (click on thumbnails above to view the petition the MDC-T submitted). This means that the justice system has failed again; it means that the laws designed to protect democracy have failed because other laws also intended to protect democracy have been deliberately flouted.

This, as well as all the other evidence outlined on this page, is why Sokwanele believes that the results of the 2013 polls cannot be deemed fair or free (people can only vote if they are properly registered) - and therefore they are not credible We find it astonishing that anyone - let alone leaders of States whose role it is is to ensure the will of the people prevails - can turn a blind eye to the array of outrages that have occurred in our country with regards the 2013 polls.

Video testimony of fraud, harassment, and violence

Violations of Zimbabwe's constitution and rule of law

Zimbabwe's constitution and our rule of law have both been abused, we believe, to pave the way for fraud. The details in this section pertain to all parties and candidates, and have been extracted from a detailed report published by David Coltart - constitutional lawyer and outgoing Minister of Education (read the full report here). To view details on how the law was broken, please click on the title to expose more.

Implausible results


No presidential results in 2013

ZEC claim that Robert Mugabe secured 61% of the vote to resoundingly win the Presidential vote. Why were results not released by constituency? They were in 2008.

National Assembly

2013 - House of Assembly Results

ZEC claim Zanu PF secured more than 2/3 of the seats in Parliament (enough to change Zimbabwe's constitution), including in areas traditionally hostile to Zanu PF. Use our maps to compare results between 2008 and 2013. 

Margin of Victory

Margin of Victory - 2013

The ZEC results claim implausibly wide margins of victory for Zanu PF accross most of the nation - more than 40% margin for most seats. Use our maps to compare results between 2008 and 2013. 

Explore results via a dynamic table interface

Interactive table of results

Explore results using our interactive table, which will allow you to compare results between 2008 and 2013 accross participating parties. Highlight results by margin of victory as well. Plausible? We don't think so.

Crowdsourced Testimony

Crowdsourced testimony

The details provided in our table of crowdsourced information is browsable, by location, here.

Crowdsourced testimony from Zimbabweans

The testimony detailed below is crowdsourced information submitted by ordinary Zimbabweans in their own words. It formed the basis of this map here. Please submit a report of fraud by clicking this link. We will include your words in the table below. You can do this anonymously.

901 rows
Title Incident Location Reported/Incident Date Incident Description Incident Category
Voters being turned away Bulawayo 31.07.2013 - 15:30 At Bulawayo Polytechnic polling station, two people who had slips and national identity cards were turned away because their names were not appearing on the voters roll and they were told to go to the command centre. Turned Away at Polling Station
More voters denied the right to vote Mbizo 31.07.2013 - 19:43 At ZAOG polling station in Mbizo a total of 12 people had been turned away 30 minutes after voting started at 7am because their names did not appear on the voters roll. Some of those turned away claimed they had voted in the last election (2008), had checked their names with the Registrar General's office and had confirmed their names were still on the voters roll. Turned Away at Polling Station
Mash west Norton ward 3 voting started @ 0705hrs Norton 31.07.2013 - 20:10 Mash west Norton ward 3 voting started @ 0705hrs smoothly with a large turnout. Being no 6 on the que may name wz not on the voters roll, after numerous calls 2 the command centre my id Turned Away at Polling Station
Bribery and intimidation Zvimba 31.07.2013 - 15:45 On the 30th of July 2013, Alefa Muyeza an aspiring ZANU-PF councillor forced people to attend meetings at Cleeve farm (next to Chisungala polling station) and Muveya village. At the meeting, ZANU-PF activists were distributing foodstuffs, cups and plates that had ZANU-PF logos. At the meetings, Muyeza threatened to kill all MDC-T polling agents. This forced some MDC polling agents to withdraw from representing their party in the area. Intimidation or Violence
Name shown as registered Harare 21.07.2013 - 15:01 I've been in the Diaspora for 5 years and never registered to vote for the 2013 elections nor any of the previous elections. Voters' Roll Errors
Voters moved from own constituency Nkulumane, Bulawayo 31.07.2013 - 17:08 Voters in Nkulumane are going to vote, and not finding their names on the voters' roll. But, they are finding themselves on the roll for Nketa instead. How many will know to check in both constituencies? Turned Away at Polling Station
Polling station confusion Mbizo 31.07.2013 - 19:18 There is confusion over polling stations as people in Mbizo are turned away from various polling stations in their wards. "I went early in the morning to cast my ballot but to my surprise I was told to go to Mbizo High School, the command centre to determine which ward I should vote from. I live in Ward One and have always voted there. I am determined to vote so I will see this through,"said a man who identified himself as Isaac. But as it turned out Mbizo High School is neither the command centre nor is it being used as a polling station. Several people from Ward One were turned away because did not appear on that wards' voters roll. Some people said due to the problems they faced during the voter registration period they had failed to check if they were registered or where they were supposed to vote from. Some had relied on the Myzim vote website and assumed the information was correct. At most polling stations people started arriving at 5am and when voting started the pace was fast. Turned Away at Polling Station
Violence Buhera 30.07.2013 - 18:15 On the 26th of July 2013, a group of ZANU-PF supporters led by headsman Edmore Kowanai, a soldier, Peter Nendanga and a war veteran, Samido Dominic forced villagers to attend their party meeting. The meeting was addressed by war veteran Joseph Chinotimba who stated that on the 31st of July, all well known MDC- T supporters should have their hands bandaged so that they are assisted to vote by ZANU-PF supporters. Intimidation or Violence
Presiding Officers insist on assisting people to vote Mutoko 31.07.2013 - 19:56 14:17 Jul 31 2013 Irregularities with voter assistance Presiding Officers in Wards 14 and 15 of Mutoko East, Mashonaland East, are insisting on assisting people to vote, refusing them their right to chose an assistant.? Assisted Voting
No ballot papers Masvingo 17.07.2013 - 15:25 No ballot papers had been dispatched by ZEC to the province by close of voting Sunday. Special Voting Exercise discrepancies
ZRP harassment of MDC-T Bindura 30.07.2013 - 09:55 Bindura South MDC-T vehicle was deploying agents when ZRP started to chasing it. Vehicle was rammed off the road Intimidation or Violence, Monitors/Agents
Chimvuri B/C polling centre war Buhera 31.07.2013 - 13:11 Chimvuri B/C polling centre ward8 Buhera Voting is peaceful. However high no of assisted voters suggests there is no freedom. Strategic coercion must be in use. Assisted Voting
The line is nt mvng at all in c Chiweshe 31.07.2013 - 12:54 The line is nt mvng at all in chiweshe Irregularities in Voting Process
Intimidation Ward 31, Gokwe 31.07.2013 - 15:21 On the 28th of July in Kabuyani village, a group of 8 ZANU-PF supporters identified as Lovemore Muzondiwa, Maturure, Zviwanza, Concern, Bisham Nyobo, Manjengwa, Stanley Yakani and Chief Samuchembo, went around the village confiscating MDC-T regalia. They were also telling MDC-T activists that they will be beaten after the election run off. Intimidation or Violence
Am in chisumbanje machona villa Chisumbanje 31.07.2013 - 16:49 Am in chisumbanje machona village Chipinge south voting started around 9am. One woman complained that many ZANU PF surpoters names missing on voters roll. Irregularities in Voting Process
Still on Voters roll Harare 18.07.2013 - 12:35 Hello there. Please i just need a bit light. Few days i filled my ID on one of your info@myvote forms. It really appeared as I'm registered. But i haven't been home Zimbabwe from June 2011. Since then I'm in Asia? Voter Fraud
Intimidation Mashambanhaka Clinic, Uzumba 31.07.2013 - 12:03 Uzumba, discreete intimidation observed at mashambanhaka clinic, left the situation being addressed. Intimidation or Violence
Wrong Information Bulawayo 11.07.2013 - 03:27 I never registered to vote and why would this information be there. could be fraud. Voters' Roll Errors
Wrong Constituency Harare 25.07.2013 - 19:54 I'm registered to vote in Goromonzi district and all my details are correct but I no longer live there. I left that place at the end of 2006. Since then I've not voted again because I'm not living in zim. My id nmbr is XX-XXXXXX-X-XX. Voters' Roll Errors
Reports of voter intimidation in Gutu North cons Gutu North 31.07.2013 - 19:14 Reports of voter intimidation in Gutu North constituency ward 3. Suspected MDC supporters were forced to ask assistance to vote for ZPF. They were instructed to go together with their village heads. Such oppression in the day and age. Surely the evil party has to go. Enough is enough! Intimidation or Violence, Irregularities in Voting Process
Officer refused to reveal statistics Budiriro 31.07.2013 - 20:06 Ward 43 Budiriro the presiding Officer refused to reveal statistics referring our team to the Command Centre.5:27 PM - 31 Jul 13 Irregularities in Voting Process
no record found harare 30.06.2013 - 15:46 I registered and voted in 2008, but the system now says no records found when i type in my ID number. Voters' Roll Errors
All house holds forced to attend ZANU-PF rally in Kuno Mutare South Mutare 13.07.2013 - 13:35 Kuno Mutare south, Dora Dombo, villages (Mundembe & Bvirindi, chief Zimunya Bvirindi is forcing every house hold to attend to a Zanu PF rally being addressed by Pemhenai candidate for Zanu PF on Sat 13/07/2012. Forced Political Participation
Wrong Constituency Belvedere Road, Harare 09.07.2013 - 12:14 Was registered in Belvedere but was moved to Warren Park! Voters' Roll Errors
non appearance on the voters role HARARE 30.06.2013 - 15:41 i have checked my name but its not appearing online ,i have been voting since the 1999 REFERENDUM MY DETAILS XXXXXXXXXXX DISTON MICHAEL Voters' Roll Errors
False assisted voting Muzarabani 31.07.2013 - 09:59 Muzarabani North - Voters being forced to declare themselves illiterate and being forced to use assisted vote. Even a medical doctor was forced to do this. Assisted Voting
No local govt ballot papers Mount Darwin 31.07.2013 - 10:02 Mt Darwin West - 5 polling stations do not have ballot papers for local government elections. Hence these will not happen as voters have already got pink pinkies. Irregularities in Voting Process
Incorrect Details Harare 11.07.2013 - 20:24 The real name of my mom is xxxxxxxx xxx. Her id is xx-xxxxxx-x-xx she voted in all previous election bt shocked to si they put the surname of his husband on the voters roll still they hav not rectified the problem Voters' Roll Errors, Voter Fraud
Name missing from voters' roll Bulawayo 31.07.2013 - 19:47 I was registered before I went to the polling station. When I went to polling station my name was missing. Voters' Roll Errors
non voter Mutare 11.07.2013 - 13:16 name removed from roll. Renounced brot cit in 1984. held zimp/port since. argued class case in 2002 for reinstatement in Mutare court. loast. appealed to Registrar & successful in appeal but now removed again. lived same address since 1975 but not allowed either under 10 year residence. have no p/port at all now. stateless??????? Voters' Roll Errors
Voting started late Midlands 17.07.2013 - 15:17 Voting commenced at 1257 hrs in Gokwe Central. Special Voting Exercise discrepancies
violence starts in Mberengwa Mberengwa 22.07.2013 - 12:38 Hello Zimbabweans. Last week when i told you that political violence can start anytime in Mberengwa, some of you cried foul. Look at what happens today. An Mdc-t supporter by the name Melusi Ngwenya of Matibini Village in Mberengwa North constituency was chased from a funeral because he was carrying Mdc posters on his bicycle. Sanson Mahwowa of Yorks resettlement area and Edias Madhumera who are Zanu pf stalwarts threatened Melusi with unspecified action before chasing him away. The fenural was at Matibini village where a respected old woman was being buried. Intimidation or Violence, Campaign materials/regalia
Ballot papers late Matabeleland South 17.07.2013 - 15:05 In Beitbridge West and East, most polling centres were still to receive ballot papers by 1600 hrs on Sunday. Special Voting Exercise discrepancies
not registered Chitungwiza 30.07.2013 - 15:11 not registered Voters' Roll Errors
Voter fraud Harare 02.07.2013 - 15:16 I am in Australia since 2007 but my name appears on the voters role in Magunje Ward 10. I did not register to vote. Voter Fraud
Violence and Intimidation Chinhoyi 31.07.2013 - 13:13 On the 26th of July 2013,xxxxxx xxxxxxx who is a nurse at xxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxxx was visited at her workplace by 3 ZANU-PF supporters who threatened her and her family with death. She was threatened because her husband defaulted from ZANU-PF to MDC-T. xxxxxxxx informed her husband Mr xxxxxxxx xxxxxxxx who reported the matter to xxxxxxx Police station. Following on the 27th of July 2013 at 2am, 4 unidentified people visited xxxxxxxx house with a White Isuzu double cab that did not have vehicle registration plates. They went on to knock on the door but xxxxxxxx did not open. They then started threatening him stating that they will deal with him accordingly. xxxxxxx reported the incident to xxxxxxCentral Police station and the docket's CRB number is xxxxxxx. Intimidation or Violence
Name not appearing Bluffhill 30.06.2013 - 15:59 I have voted in 2 previous elections but my name is not appearing. Voters' Roll Errors
Arrest for holding a rally Mutare 30.07.2013 - 20:10 An MDC-T aspiring Member of Parliament candidate, Shoshiwa Mudiwa was arrested on Saturday 27 July for holding a rally at Mafararikwa Primary School. Police officers from Bambazonke Police Station alleged that they had not been given prior notification of the rally but Mr Mudiwa argues that he had notified the police prior to the meeting. The victim was later transferred to Mutare Police station after being detained from 11am to 5pm. Intimidation or Violence
Violence and Intimidation Mutoko 31.07.2013 - 13:00 On the 30th of July 2013, two ZANU-PF activists identified as Pardon Nyarugwe and Gunduza held a meeting where they told people that they will all go to vote with their village head. They also went on to say that people will be killed if ZANU-PF loses the election. Intimidation or Violence
incorrect details Mutare 31.07.2013 - 15:04 Corrected voters roll to corrrct ward but name does now not appear Voters' Roll Errors
teachers forced to wear ZANU-PF regalia Chipinge 22.07.2013 - 12:52 All teachers in ward 15 in Chipinge district are forced to wear Zanu pf party regalia. Intimidation or Violence, Campaign materials/regalia, Forced Political Participation
Votes not posted Guruve 01.08.2013 - 03:15 The presidential and parliamentary results not posted in Guruve South Ward 1 Irregularities in Voting Process
Voter Intimidation Harare 31.07.2013 - 21:12 A gender officer is recording names and i.d numbers of voters at Chengeta Primary School, ward 11. Intimidation or Violence, Irregularities in Voting Process
Ballot papers have run out Ward 9, Goromonzi 31.07.2013 - 15:39 Ruvheneko Polling Station in Goromonzi South, Mash East, Ward 9 has run out of ballot paper so no voting taking place. Irregularities in Voting Process
Political Party agents intimidated Zvimba 29.07.2013 - 23:20 Political party Agents in Zvimba North, Ward 18 intimidated. Intimidation or Violence
Tsanzaguru Rusape.Voting is pea Rusape 31.07.2013 - 13:06 Tsanzaguru Rusape.Voting is peacefully but ZANU PFs obsevers putting on JOMIC bibs are too many inn and around polling point & they are saying one must vote under cell level Irregularities in Voting Process
Am supposed to have voted at We Makonde 31.07.2013 - 13:34 Am supposed to have voted at West Ranch primary in Makonde as I registered. Now I am being told the block number is for Mhangura constituency.Am on my way there. Another registered voter who shares the same surname was in the voters roll. Turned Away at Polling Station
Intimidation Ward 27, Muzarabani 31.07.2013 - 15:07 At a polling station at Machaya Primary School, Godfrey Magaya is intimidating voters in the queue. He is telling people that they will be beaten up if ZANU-PF loses the election. Intimidation or Violence, Irregularities in Voting Process
In mutare the que are too long Mutare 31.07.2013 - 13:02 In mutare the que are too long as we a fearing tht pple can not able to vote all. Irregularities in Voting Process