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Not credible: Zimbabwe's 2013 election results marred by fraud 

Zimbabwe has been praised for holding 'peaceful' elections on the 31 July this year, and it is true that the polls were calm in comparison to the terrible violence seen in 2008. But it hides an ugly truth that intimidation prevailed, impacting on the right of citizens to vote freely for a party of their choice, along with a calculated strategy to skew the result to the advantage of the Zanu PF party. Mugabe and Zanu PF can only be celebrated as true credible winners - therefore justifiable leaders of Zimbabwe - if their victory was determined by free and fair elections. We don't know what the result of a free and fair election would be in Zimbabwe, because we have not seen one. We believe that the results declared by the Zimbabwe Election Commission (ZEC) cannot be viewed as either credible or legitimate for a variety of reasons, which we chronicle on this page. 

Not credible: Zimbabwe's 2013 election results marred by fraud

Missing Voters' roll at the heart of the fraud

Size of Zimbabwe voters roll Sample from roll showing duplicated names MDC-T withdraws petition MDC-T withdraws petition
The size of Zimbabwe's voters' roll in hard copy Sample of voters' roll showing duplicated names Page 1 of MDC-T petition affidavit withdrawing challenge Page 2 of MDC-T petition affidavit withdrawing challenge

[Click images above to enlarge

Zimbabwe's voters' roll takes center stage in allegations of fraud. Zimbabwe's law preserves the right for all parties and candidates to have a searchable electronic version of the voters' roll in reasonable time before elections. More than two weeks after the elections, nobody has seen an electronic copy of the voters' roll. (Note: This was not the only law broken). Prior to the elections the Zimbabwe Electoral Commission (ZEC) claimed there were logistical problems with issuing a copy in electronic format. This claim is utterly absurd given the ease of electronic communication, leaving reasonable people with the only conclusion possible; namely, deliberate obstruction by ZEC.

The MDC-T received a hard-copy of the voters' roll at 4pm on the day of the elections itself. But the size of the document - delivered in print and when the polls had almost concluded - provided little means for them to conduct proper analysis. This is an insult to justice. Nevertheless, a sample - based on one constituency - was provided to the media a few days before 31 July by one party, and it demonstrated many names duplicated with minor changes made to details (see sample released to the media here). This, it was concluded, would allow people to vote more than once for a party, and testimony from Zimbabweans on election day supports this assumption (see section below). That party was Zanu PF. The MDC-T also claimed it found 838,000 entries with the same name, address and date of birth but different ID number, 350,000 people who are more than 85 years old and 109,000 aged over 100 - including a 135-year-old army officer. 

In addition to these possible errors (which ZEC's refusal to disclose the voters' roll doesn't allow to be proven or disproven), the entire registration process leading up to the elections was hampered by criticism. Sokwanele monitors Zimbabwe's compliance with SADC electoral guidelines and all four issues of our Zimbabwe Election Watch (ZEW) project reports (see Issues 1, 2, 3 and 4 here) were dominated by registration irregularities, to the point it was becoming farcical and glaringly obvious that things were seriously amiss (view the variety of problems plauging the registration process here - filter on SADC clause 4.1.3). 

The absence of the voters' roll has also prevented parties from challenging the results of the election in court: the MDC-T today (16 August 2013) withdrew its challenge because, without a copy of the roll which it still does not possess, it was unable to conduct the type of analyses required to form the basis of its challenge (click on thumbnails above to view the petition the MDC-T submitted). This means that the justice system has failed again; it means that the laws designed to protect democracy have failed because other laws also intended to protect democracy have been deliberately flouted.

This, as well as all the other evidence outlined on this page, is why Sokwanele believes that the results of the 2013 polls cannot be deemed fair or free (people can only vote if they are properly registered) - and therefore they are not credible We find it astonishing that anyone - let alone leaders of States whose role it is is to ensure the will of the people prevails - can turn a blind eye to the array of outrages that have occurred in our country with regards the 2013 polls.

Video testimony of fraud, harassment, and violence

Violations of Zimbabwe's constitution and rule of law

Zimbabwe's constitution and our rule of law have both been abused, we believe, to pave the way for fraud. The details in this section pertain to all parties and candidates, and have been extracted from a detailed report published by David Coltart - constitutional lawyer and outgoing Minister of Education (read the full report here). To view details on how the law was broken, please click on the title to expose more.

Implausible results


No presidential results in 2013

ZEC claim that Robert Mugabe secured 61% of the vote to resoundingly win the Presidential vote. Why were results not released by constituency? They were in 2008.

National Assembly

2013 - House of Assembly Results

ZEC claim Zanu PF secured more than 2/3 of the seats in Parliament (enough to change Zimbabwe's constitution), including in areas traditionally hostile to Zanu PF. Use our maps to compare results between 2008 and 2013. 

Margin of Victory

Margin of Victory - 2013

The ZEC results claim implausibly wide margins of victory for Zanu PF accross most of the nation - more than 40% margin for most seats. Use our maps to compare results between 2008 and 2013. 

Explore results via a dynamic table interface

Interactive table of results

Explore results using our interactive table, which will allow you to compare results between 2008 and 2013 accross participating parties. Highlight results by margin of victory as well. Plausible? We don't think so.

Crowdsourced Testimony

Crowdsourced testimony

The details provided in our table of crowdsourced information is browsable, by location, here.

Crowdsourced testimony from Zimbabweans

The testimony detailed below is crowdsourced information submitted by ordinary Zimbabweans in their own words. It formed the basis of this map here. Please submit a report of fraud by clicking this link. We will include your words in the table below. You can do this anonymously.

901 rows
Title Incident Location Reported/Incident Date Incident Description Incident Category
Zanu PF youths are terrorising vendors at Budiriro 1 shops Budiriro 26.07.2013 - 19:26 Zanu PF youths are terrorising vendors at Budiriro 1 shops Intimidation or Violence
Bused in and fraudulently registered voters in Mutasa Central Mutasa Central 31.07.2013 - 19:35 Innocent Dambudzo Benza, a Herentals boss and Z PF aspiring candidate, bussed in thousands of workers and students to vote for him, after successfully registering them in this constituency. It is worrying that workers and students were exposed to untold intimidation, victimisation and coercion to vote for a candidate entirely against their wish. Irregularities in Voting Process, Intimidation or Violence, Voters' Roll Errors, Voter Fraud
wrong address & constituency Harare 29.07.2013 - 15:07 registered in a wrong constituency and address, i am in harare glen norah constituency, ward 28. Voters' Roll Errors
CORRECTION OF NAME Harare 30.06.2013 - 15:26 SURNAME : XXXX FIRST NAMES : CRAIG XXXX Voters' Roll Errors
Assisted voting Mudzi 31.07.2013 - 11:56 In mudzi some who are able to write are being assisted as if they cant. Irregularities in Voting Process, Assisted Voting
Teaches forced to declare themselves illiterate Uzumba, Mash East 31.07.2013 - 17:28 Teachers from Uzumba recalled how they were forced to profess illiteracy at named polling stations. We were taken to a clinic where our hands were bandaged and then taken to the polling station where we were assisted to vote by known war vets, said a teacher who declined to be named. Assisted Voting, Intimidation or Violence
wrong constituency Hatfield 05.07.2013 - 03:32 the voters roll was tampered with, I never registered in Hatfield Voters' Roll Errors
Very slow Nyamuroro primary sch Gokwe 31.07.2013 - 12:52 Very slow Nyamuroro primary school Nembudzia Gokwe north. Waiting to vote Irregularities in Voting Process
Voter fraud and assisted voting in Murehwa Murehwa 31.07.2013 - 18:02 A polling agent from Murehwa said 257 of the 530 voters at his station were assisted after saying they cannot write. During the special vote 7 officers had voted for ZANU-PF but a call from central command ordered the chief polling officer to make it 35, and it was done. Assisted Voting, Monitors/Agents, Voter Fraud
All house holds forced to attend ZANU-PF rally in Kuno Mutare South Mutare 13.07.2013 - 13:35 Kuno Mutare south, Dora Dombo, villages (Mundembe & Bvirindi, chief Zimunya Bvirindi is forcing every house hold to attend to a Zanu PF rally being addressed by Pemhenai candidate for Zanu PF on Sat 13/07/2012. Forced Political Participation
Im in Mbare, voted responsibly Mbare 31.07.2013 - 15:39 Im in Mbare, voted responsibly @ 1330. There are no more long ques as most people have voted in the morning. Some names are missing on the voters roll. Irregularities in Voting Process
Wrong Address and Wrong Constituency Harare 30.07.2013 - 03:24 Wrong Address and Constituency Voters' Roll Errors
Intimidation Zvimba 31.07.2013 - 13:24 On 30 July 2013, in Magunje village, MDC-T polling agents stationed at Dixie Primary school were barred from going to Dixie shopping centre by unidentified ZANU-PF youths. Intimidation or Violence
Non-voters had names crossed out of voters' roll Harare 31.07.2013 - 21:26 Some who claim to have not voted in the special voting process had their names crossed out of the voters' roll Irregularities in Voting Process, Voters' Roll Errors
Arson Mberengwa 30.07.2013 - 20:04 On the evening of the 27th of July 2013, MDC-T ward organising secretary Godfrey Mudzivakwi had his home burnt by unknown assailants. His family lost property which includes important documents such as national IDs, birth certificates and academic certificates. The matter was reported to the police who swiftly responded and are carrying out investigations. Intimidation or Violence
Not Registered Bulawayo 27.06.2013 - 15:38 I'm not registered Voters' Roll Errors
Voters being turned away Chimanimani 31.07.2013 - 14:41 In Chimanimani East, people whose names are not appearing in the voters roll but have voter registration reciepts are being turned away and are going home without voting. Turned Away at Polling Station
Corrupt Headman at polling station Nyanga 31.07.2013 - 21:28 Am in Nyanga at Nyatate P/Station, Headman Nyamhanga tried to make us queue behind him saying it was an instruction from above Intimidation or Violence, Irregularities in Voting Process
Wrong Constituency Belvedere Road, Harare 09.07.2013 - 12:14 Was registered in Belvedere but was moved to Warren Park! Voters' Roll Errors
Wrong Constituency Harare 08.07.2013 - 03:58 my new address is xxxx xxxxxxxxx xxxx, which kuwadzana east constituency and ward xxx Voters' Roll Errors
Am in Masvingo Urban. People ar Masvingo 31.07.2013 - 13:15 Am in Masvingo Urban. People are voting in their numbers,ques are very long at poling stations. Irregularities in Voting Process
Violence Harare 30.07.2013 - 21:17 I witnessed violence on my way home,right now i'm terrified ZANU PF mob attacked a bus which was carrying MDC supporters, i the bus was just infront of the car i was traveling in,small kids were also throwing stones at the Bus. Intimidation or Violence
Chitungwiza East ward 16 Unit J Shops,averagly o Chitungwiza East 31.07.2013 - 18:30 Chitungwiza East ward 16 Unit J Shops,averagly ok but two pple were rtnd though registered. They were asked to bring registration slips. Turned Away at Polling Station
My name not appearing on the voter's roll 1574 Mainway Meadows Waterfalls 28.06.2013 - 14:43 Could you please register my name on the voter's roll as follows Voters' Roll Errors
Observers are being obstructed. Epworth 31.07.2013 - 15:39 Local observers in Epworth have their phones taken away by the Presiding Officers at ALL Polling Stations. Irregularities in Voting Process
Voters being turned away Harare 31.07.2013 - 15:29 At Emganwini South and Blanket Mine three and one respectively, were sent back for trying to vote at a wrong ward. Turned Away at Polling Station
I am in Mhondoro the queues are not moving, they Mhondoro 31.07.2013 - 20:09 I am in Mhondoro the queues are not moving, they are serving slowly Irregularities in Voting Process
Intimidation... Source: Zim Voices Election 2013 Harare 26.07.2013 - 23:48 Hi Shurugwi DA had a meeting yesterdy at Tongogara Business Centre in Shurugwi North threatening maSabhuku saying if they vote for MDC-T war will breakout and people will be beaten like animals. Intimidation or Violence
Dead person Shurugwi 30.06.2013 - 03:01 My father is dead but on voters' roll Voters' Roll Errors
MDC posters torn down by soldiers at Mutoko Growth Point Mutoko 15.07.2013 - 13:37 Solders were wearing Zanu Pf regalia at Mutoko Growth Point they torn down MDC ~T that was worn by D KANYONGO in front of ten policemen who had come to solve the reported case Intimidation or Violence, Campaign materials/regalia
MDC voters forced to vote with assistance Guruve 31.07.2013 - 11:43 Guruve North, Mashonaland Central, all suspected MDC members are being assisted to vote. Assisted Voting, Intimidation or Violence
I am not registered Elliot Drive Manningdale 28.06.2013 - 03:36 I checked if I was registered and noted that I am not. Voters' Roll Errors
False assisted voting Muzarabani 31.07.2013 - 09:59 Muzarabani North - Voters being forced to declare themselves illiterate and being forced to use assisted vote. Even a medical doctor was forced to do this. Assisted Voting
Wrong constituency Harare 05.07.2013 - 03:10 I'm registered in a constituency that I've never lived or visited. I'm overseas and I left Zimbabwe in 2006. Voters' Roll Errors
Voting commenced late Manicaland 17.07.2013 - 17:51 Voting only commenced at 1600hrs across the province of Manicaland Special Voting Exercise discrepancies
Failing to access information Harare 22.07.2013 - 11:16 xx-xxxxxx-x-xx.Am i registered to vote.i m failing to access the information. Voters' Roll Errors
regestration 2010 dulibadzimo t/ship beitbridge 29.06.2013 - 15:23 i want to regester so what must i do i regester Voters' Roll Errors
Not registered despite having voted in the past Mount Pleasant 01.07.2013 - 03:05 My national ID number is XXXXXXX. I have voted in previous elections (Mount Pleasant, Harare) but I don't seem to appear on the voters roll Voters' Roll Errors
At Strathaven, pple a being int Strathaven, Harare 31.07.2013 - 15:43 At Strathaven, pple a being interviewed by a C.I.O operative who is disguised as a S.African Journalist. Intimidation or Violence, Irregularities in Voting Process
This election was rigged before people voted. I Mberengwa North 31.07.2013 - 19:54 This election was rigged before people voted. I am a polling officer at Gaururo pry school in Mberengwa North constituency. I discovered that more than 50 people who applied for id documents during mobile registration last month were given waiting pass id papers with blurred pictures. Registrar officials told them the pictures were good and accepted when voting. It seems there cio agents blurring pictures of certain people so that they fail to vote. Now is the voting day. All people with blurred pictures were denied voting because of blurred pictures. If more than 50 people failed to vote on one station ,what about the whole of zimbabwe. What also surprise is that the presiding officer denied them the right to vote but they have receipts showing that are legible to vote. The million dollar question is why zec denying these people the right to vote when registrar general staff allowed them to Irregularities in Voting Process, Voter Fraud
not appearing on voter registration list ZIMRA, Hughes Street, Masvingo 01.07.2013 - 15:41 I could not find my name even though i voted in the previous elections Voters' Roll Errors
Registered gain but not on your list Bulawayo 04.07.2013 - 15:09 I went to Moray School and checked that I am on the roll. the details should be on your voters' roll as well, together with the names of my four children, Michael, Daniel, Paulette and Desmond. Only Desmond will be here to vote. Voters' Roll Errors
Whole of my family failed to vote Harare 31.07.2013 - 13:50 Things are tight here? Im staying in Harare. The whole of my family failed to vote because our names were not in the voters roll but we registered. Its very dissapointing Turned Away at Polling Station
REGISTRATION Bulawayo 05.07.2013 - 15:22 I left Zimbabwe in 2001. My name still appears on the voters' roll. Voter Fraud
I have never registered to vote, yet I am on the roll Cape Town, South Africa 01.07.2013 - 15:24 I am currently registered to vote and yet have never registered or even voted in my life!! I reside in South Africa and as 'diaspora' I am not allowed to vote. This is voter fraud. People need to know about this and shout it from the roof tops. I shudder to think how many times my 'vote' has been stolen. Mxxxmmm!! Voter Fraud
Intimidation Chegutu 31.07.2013 - 15:14 At Dombwe, Msengezi Secondary School and Mahwanda Primary School polling stations, a group of ZANU-PF members were asking people to register their names before they vote. The group of youths was led by Tongai Mukwesha, Thumelo Zinundo, Frank Sayeni, Joseph Matola and Fainos Ndlovu. They were threatening them with death if ZANU-PF loses the elections. The matter was reported to Chegutu Police station. The three groups were then dispersed by the police who also confiscated their books. Intimidation or Violence, Irregularities in Voting Process
voter fraud Mutare 21.07.2013 - 15:50 I have been out of Zimbabwe for 12 years but my name is on voter's roll, ward xx, mutare. how pathetic is that? Voter Fraud