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Not credible: Zimbabwe's 2013 election results marred by fraud 

Zimbabwe has been praised for holding 'peaceful' elections on the 31 July this year, and it is true that the polls were calm in comparison to the terrible violence seen in 2008. But it hides an ugly truth that intimidation prevailed, impacting on the right of citizens to vote freely for a party of their choice, along with a calculated strategy to skew the result to the advantage of the Zanu PF party. Mugabe and Zanu PF can only be celebrated as true credible winners - therefore justifiable leaders of Zimbabwe - if their victory was determined by free and fair elections. We don't know what the result of a free and fair election would be in Zimbabwe, because we have not seen one. We believe that the results declared by the Zimbabwe Election Commission (ZEC) cannot be viewed as either credible or legitimate for a variety of reasons, which we chronicle on this page. 

Not credible: Zimbabwe's 2013 election results marred by fraud

Missing Voters' roll at the heart of the fraud

Size of Zimbabwe voters roll Sample from roll showing duplicated names MDC-T withdraws petition MDC-T withdraws petition
The size of Zimbabwe's voters' roll in hard copy Sample of voters' roll showing duplicated names Page 1 of MDC-T petition affidavit withdrawing challenge Page 2 of MDC-T petition affidavit withdrawing challenge

[Click images above to enlarge

Zimbabwe's voters' roll takes center stage in allegations of fraud. Zimbabwe's law preserves the right for all parties and candidates to have a searchable electronic version of the voters' roll in reasonable time before elections. More than two weeks after the elections, nobody has seen an electronic copy of the voters' roll. (Note: This was not the only law broken). Prior to the elections the Zimbabwe Electoral Commission (ZEC) claimed there were logistical problems with issuing a copy in electronic format. This claim is utterly absurd given the ease of electronic communication, leaving reasonable people with the only conclusion possible; namely, deliberate obstruction by ZEC.

The MDC-T received a hard-copy of the voters' roll at 4pm on the day of the elections itself. But the size of the document - delivered in print and when the polls had almost concluded - provided little means for them to conduct proper analysis. This is an insult to justice. Nevertheless, a sample - based on one constituency - was provided to the media a few days before 31 July by one party, and it demonstrated many names duplicated with minor changes made to details (see sample released to the media here). This, it was concluded, would allow people to vote more than once for a party, and testimony from Zimbabweans on election day supports this assumption (see section below). That party was Zanu PF. The MDC-T also claimed it found 838,000 entries with the same name, address and date of birth but different ID number, 350,000 people who are more than 85 years old and 109,000 aged over 100 - including a 135-year-old army officer. 

In addition to these possible errors (which ZEC's refusal to disclose the voters' roll doesn't allow to be proven or disproven), the entire registration process leading up to the elections was hampered by criticism. Sokwanele monitors Zimbabwe's compliance with SADC electoral guidelines and all four issues of our Zimbabwe Election Watch (ZEW) project reports (see Issues 1, 2, 3 and 4 here) were dominated by registration irregularities, to the point it was becoming farcical and glaringly obvious that things were seriously amiss (view the variety of problems plauging the registration process here - filter on SADC clause 4.1.3). 

The absence of the voters' roll has also prevented parties from challenging the results of the election in court: the MDC-T today (16 August 2013) withdrew its challenge because, without a copy of the roll which it still does not possess, it was unable to conduct the type of analyses required to form the basis of its challenge (click on thumbnails above to view the petition the MDC-T submitted). This means that the justice system has failed again; it means that the laws designed to protect democracy have failed because other laws also intended to protect democracy have been deliberately flouted.

This, as well as all the other evidence outlined on this page, is why Sokwanele believes that the results of the 2013 polls cannot be deemed fair or free (people can only vote if they are properly registered) - and therefore they are not credible We find it astonishing that anyone - let alone leaders of States whose role it is is to ensure the will of the people prevails - can turn a blind eye to the array of outrages that have occurred in our country with regards the 2013 polls.

Video testimony of fraud, harassment, and violence

Violations of Zimbabwe's constitution and rule of law

Zimbabwe's constitution and our rule of law have both been abused, we believe, to pave the way for fraud. The details in this section pertain to all parties and candidates, and have been extracted from a detailed report published by David Coltart - constitutional lawyer and outgoing Minister of Education (read the full report here). To view details on how the law was broken, please click on the title to expose more.

Implausible results


No presidential results in 2013

ZEC claim that Robert Mugabe secured 61% of the vote to resoundingly win the Presidential vote. Why were results not released by constituency? They were in 2008.

National Assembly

2013 - House of Assembly Results

ZEC claim Zanu PF secured more than 2/3 of the seats in Parliament (enough to change Zimbabwe's constitution), including in areas traditionally hostile to Zanu PF. Use our maps to compare results between 2008 and 2013. 

Margin of Victory

Margin of Victory - 2013

The ZEC results claim implausibly wide margins of victory for Zanu PF accross most of the nation - more than 40% margin for most seats. Use our maps to compare results between 2008 and 2013. 

Explore results via a dynamic table interface

Interactive table of results

Explore results using our interactive table, which will allow you to compare results between 2008 and 2013 accross participating parties. Highlight results by margin of victory as well. Plausible? We don't think so.

Crowdsourced Testimony

Crowdsourced testimony

The details provided in our table of crowdsourced information is browsable, by location, here.

Crowdsourced testimony from Zimbabweans

The testimony detailed below is crowdsourced information submitted by ordinary Zimbabweans in their own words. It formed the basis of this map here. Please submit a report of fraud by clicking this link. We will include your words in the table below. You can do this anonymously.

901 rows
Title Incident Location Reported/Incident Date Incident Description Incident Category
On Voters roll Harare 18.07.2013 - 15:24 Hi, Please help me as I do not want my vote to be used on the wrong person. I am in diaspora for the past 12 years and never register to vote. The last place I lived in was Malbereign and I did not register to vote. Can you please help to take my name off the voters roll Voter Fraud
Forced voting Munyoro Business Centre, Chikomba 31.07.2013 - 10:41 A chairman of Warikandwa Ward in Chikomba District by the name Kurebwaseka Bigboy is arranginging people in a que at Munyoro Bussiness Centre. May de observers be alerted as soon as possible Intimidation or Violence, Monitors/Agents, Irregularities in Voting Process, Forced Political Participation
People with blurred images on ID's refused to vote Mberengwa 31.07.2013 - 18:14 I am a polling officer at Gaururo primary school. I discovered that more than 50 people who applied for ID's during mobile registration last month were given waiting pass ID papers with blurred pictures. Officials told them the pictures would be accepted when voting. It seems CIO's were blurring pics for certain people so that they failed to vote. On voting day all people with blurred pics were denied voting. If more than 50 failed to vote in one place what about the whole of Zim. Also surprising is that the presiding officer denied them the right to vote, but they have receipts showing they are eligible to vote. Irregularities in Voting Process, Voter Fraud
Soldiers bussed in to Dzivarasekwa Dzivarasekwa 31.07.2013 - 17:46 In Dzivaraskewa Ext where I voted, soldiers were bused in. They were very rowdy, shots had to be fired. Later after voting they divided themselves into smaller groups and went on to vote in other polling stations. If you voted you will notice that no one checked if you'd voted before. People were given voter registration slips to go and vote, all beyond the cut off date. Irregularities in Voting Process, Voters' Roll Errors, Voter Fraud
Not on the voters roll Harare 18.07.2013 - 12:35 Hie, can't find my name on the voters roll and l wasn't given my receipt to show tha l have registered. Voters' Roll Errors
Not registered Harare 02.07.2013 - 15:01 I cant find my Name and ID in your system. Voters' Roll Errors
Officer recording voter names and I.D. numbers Harare 01.08.2013 - 00:16 A gender officer is recording names and i.d numbers of voters Voter ID recording
Zanu PF listing names of people without ink on their fingers Shamva Rural Council, Shamva 31.07.2013 - 21:29 Rura Pri Sch, Ward 8 Headlands :Zanu PF supporters moving door to door inspecting pples fingers ,those found without ink have names listed. Intimidation or Violence, Irregularities in Voting Process
Voters being turned away Harare 31.07.2013 - 15:27 At Mpumelelo primary school ward 9, eight people turned away for trying to vote at a wrong constituency with others while others failed to find their names on the voter's roll. Turned Away at Polling Station
Voter Fraud Harare 15.07.2013 - 01:44 I have been in US since Dec 1999 & I just saw my name on voters roll. Voters' Roll Errors, Voter Fraud
Voting Delay Mashonaland West 30.07.2013 - 22:33 Mash West province,Kariba district-Nyamhunga high polling station opened at 07.00hrs and closed at 0 .00Hrs (mid night) Special Voting Exercise discrepancies
I have never registered to vote, yet I am on the roll Cape Town, South Africa 01.07.2013 - 15:24 I am currently registered to vote and yet have never registered or even voted in my life!! I reside in South Africa and as 'diaspora' I am not allowed to vote. This is voter fraud. People need to know about this and shout it from the roof tops. I shudder to think how many times my 'vote' has been stolen. Mxxxmmm!! Voter Fraud
Vote Fraud. Gwanda 01.07.2013 - 15:18 I am in Australia. My name is appearing that I am a registered voter in Gwanda Central ward 22. This is fraud. I do not have anything to do with Gwanda besides being born there but never registered to vote there. Voters' Roll Errors, Voter Fraud
wrong address & constituency Harare 29.07.2013 - 15:07 registered in a wrong constituency and address, i am in harare glen norah constituency, ward 28. Voters' Roll Errors
suspected MDC voters assisted by Zanu PF members Uzumba Maramba Pfungwe 31.07.2013 - 20:04 In ward 12 Uzumba, Musami Polling Station, Mugabe Polling Station, Nyamhutswa Polling Station, all suspected MDC supporters were assisted voters in voting. A meeting was held yesterday in the area declaring that all active mdc members they will be paired with a ZANU PF members. Assisted Voting, Forced Political Participation
Wrong constituency Harare 07.07.2013 - 03:33 Wrongly registered address Voters' Roll Errors
Could not transfer details to new constituency 17 Pringle Rd, Mandara, Harare 31.07.2013 - 00:14 We moved from Marlborough in 2011 to Mandara and failed to register the change of address and constituency during the oprn period.For three days I waited in the queue hoping that I would transfer the details but failed, so did many other people who we were standing in the queue with at Courtney Selois School in Greendale Voters' Roll Errors
Vosts casts in the wrong district Matabeleland North 17.07.2013 - 15:03 In Umguza, 90 people had cast their votes at Nyamandlhovhu district council hall.? Special Voting Exercise discrepancies
Voting is very slow here in war Mutare 31.07.2013 - 13:12 Voting is very slow here in ward 2 for Mutare central dispite having few voters here. Irregularities in Voting Process
Ballot Boxes Moved Manicaland 31.07.2013 - 15:57 ZEC monitor informed me as I returned to polling station at 7pm to view results that only results for local councillor to be posted outside the polling station - the ballots for MP and Presidential votes were to be moved to the regional capital before being posted - surely this is illegal and offers a loop-hole for rigging! Outraged! Irregularities in Voting Process
Fraudulent special votes Warren Park Harare 06.08.2013 - 15:36 I had the following email conversation with someone who was assisting with the voting: Source: Tue 7/30/2013 4:26 PM : Tomoro after vote we are going to be given special vote papers and we have assigned not to open them but cast them zanu.P.F thousands of them On Friday evening (2 Aug) I then asked the source about what had transpired. I was told the Presiding Officer was like a Drill sergeant ordering everyone about. After the voting, the ballots from the voting at the polling station were combined with the special votes (which were more than what had been cast at the polling station) before counting them together. Irregularities in Voting Process, Voter Fraud, Special Voting Exercise discrepancies
The line is nt mvng at all in c Chiweshe 31.07.2013 - 12:54 The line is nt mvng at all in chiweshe Irregularities in Voting Process
Intimidation Chegutu 30.07.2013 - 21:55 Just confirmed from Chegutu East ward 2 that Village Headman 's pin was taken by Chief Ngezi he is accusing the Headman for supporting Mdc T . Intimidation or Violence
REGISTRATION Bulawayo 05.07.2013 - 15:22 I left Zimbabwe in 2001. My name still appears on the voters' roll. Voter Fraud
KAROI: MDC-T AGENT STONED LAST Karoi 31.07.2013 - 13:05 KAROI: MDC-T AGENT STONED LAST NIGHT, LEFT NAKED . Intimidation or Violence
Headman threatens villagers Buhera 29.07.2013 - 23:12 The VP is expected to address a rally at Gaza Buhera North. yesterday the Headman was reported to have been threatening villagers that they will be chased away from the village if they do not attend the rally. Intimidation or Violence
NOT REGISTERED Bulawayo 19.07.2013 - 12:59 i.d. Voters' Roll Errors
Police presence at polling station Gweru 31.07.2013 - 12:35 Gweru,too many police officers at poling stations Irregularities in Voting Process
Change of Constituency without my authority Mutare 30.06.2013 - 15:33 My constituency is recorded wrongly. I am wrongly registered in Mutasa South instead of Mutare Central. I am peplexed as to why my constuency was changed without my knowledge Voters' Roll Errors
Wrong Constituency Masvingo 01.07.2013 - 03:48 two weeks ago I registered for Masvingo Urban, Ward 7. I once voted in Gweru long back and in those days we were just using our IDs to vote. Now my name still appears in Gweru, I hope its because your internet based list has not been updated. Voters' Roll Errors
Voters being turned away Harare 01.08.2013 - 00:24 Some people in ward 7 were turned away after not being found on the voter`s roll. These people paid money to some fake agents who had promised to register them to be able to vote. Turned Away at Polling Station
Prevented from voting Harare 31.07.2013 - 14:48 Our employee went some time ago for registering at Hornung Park. She has a green "Voter's register card". They told her she does not need to check her name because with that card she would be automatically registered at Hornung Park. 2. She went there this morning and was told that she is registered in Morningside. 3. In Morningside they told her that she is registered in Founders school. 4. In Founders school they told her that she cannot vote because she is not registered. 5. Brought her to Burnside station. No name 6. She tells me lots of others there who's name are not on the voters roll. 5. Another worry: in each polling station they wrote down her name. Turned Away at Polling Station
CORRECTION OF NAME Harare 30.06.2013 - 15:26 SURNAME : XXXX FIRST NAMES : CRAIG XXXX Voters' Roll Errors
Harassment Harare 29.07.2013 - 23:08 On saturday last week a couple were harassed for not wearing ZANU PF t shirts. They were released when they discovered that the man was a soldier. Yesterday my neighbour was also harrased in front of a crowd of ZANU PF supporters because she is an MDC T member. Intimidation or Violence
not registered Mzingwane 22.07.2013 - 15:34 certificate of registration as a voter s/n 00611521. constituency- Umzingwane (112) place of registration- Sigola Sub Office date 08/05/13 I.D.xxxxxxx Voters' Roll Errors
Just made my mark towards my granddaughters' fut Harare Central 31.07.2013 - 20:08 Just made my mark towards my granddaughters' future - voted ward 6 Harare central. At least 3 people turned away their names not appearing in voters' roll - sad! Turned Away at Polling Station
Chiwaridzo phase 2 Bindura some people have not Bindura 31.07.2013 - 21:32 Chiwaridzo phase 2 Bindura some people have not voted the process is very slow the are about 500 to 1000 pple sent Irregularities in Voting Process
voter fraud Harare 22.07.2013 - 12:36 i havent registered to vote. the time i went to my nearest registrar general office i was denied access to register. but what surprised me is when i checked my i.d number on this website, i found that i was registered to vote in masvingo whilist i stay in harare. Voter Fraud
Voting feedback Avondale, Harare 31.07.2013 - 12:03 The queue is not moving, there are on go slow. Many people turned out Avondale Primary Turned Away at Polling Station
Voters denied the right to vote Mbizo 31.07.2013 - 19:36 There was chaos at Mbizo 7 Rusununguko polling station as police struggled to control queues of voters who wanted to cast their votes. Some of those in the queue had arrived as early as 4am to cast votes in what has been called a watershed election. Memory Matandare was close to tears after she was turned away because her name did not appear on the voters roll, she then produced her certificate of registration but was again denied the right to vote. Rusununguko turned away five other voters who also produced registration certificates by 9:15 in the morning. Turned Away at Polling Station
Vote rigging through assisted voting Harare 31.07.2013 - 23:54 WIDESPREAD RIGGING RUSHINGA CONSTIUENCY THRU ASSISTED VOTING. Assisted Voting
No ink detector in wards 6,9 & 12 in Bindura rur Bindura 31.07.2013 - 21:32 No ink detector in wards 6,9 & 12 in Bindura rural polling stations. Ques still very long and moving slowly despite people having started queuing as early as 2am Irregularities in Voting Process
Violence and Intimidation Gokwe 31.07.2013 - 13:05 On the 29th of July 2013, a ZANU-PF activist identified as Gwasa intimidated people during his party's door to door campaign. He was telling people that if ZANU PF loses the elections there will be war in order to ensure that his party remains in power. Intimidation or Violence
voter fraud Bulawayo 04.07.2013 - 01:49 I am a zimbabwean. i leave in uk since 2002. i last registered to vote in1995. i could not vote in 2008 because i was toid i was not registered. now my name is on the voter register. Voter Fraud
ID number xxxxx is not registered Harare 02.07.2013 - 15:50 I am a Zimbabwe citizen. I obtained my ID number in the 80s, yet my number does not appear on your database. Voters' Roll Errors
Intimidation in Mutasa south... Source: Zim Voice Elections 2013 Harare 26.07.2013 - 23:18 People are being intimidated in Mutasa South. They are told to vote for Zanu Pf only, failure to do so will result in them being chased away especially farm workers in Mutasa south. Intimidation or Violence
Name misspelled Mutare 28.06.2013 - 15:01 Name misspelled Voters' Roll Errors
Voting goin wel in shrugw nrth Shurugwi 31.07.2013 - 13:25 Voting goin wel in shrugw nrth ward 4, abwt 300 voted so fa, victory fo mdc t, is certn, faces of canddates faint n in blk n whte bt names clearly legible, prblm is its 2 dark in a tent, light is needed pls tel yo pple on the grwnd to do smthn fast Irregularities in Voting Process
Missing information Mabvuku, Harare 10.07.2013 - 03:16 From Harare. Have voted before Mabvuku Voters' Roll Errors
My name is appearing in wrong constituency Bindura 182A Unit F seke Chitungwiza 29.06.2013 - 23:09 I am a Diesel and motor mechanic Voters' Roll Errors