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Not credible: Zimbabwe's 2013 election results marred by fraud 

Zimbabwe has been praised for holding 'peaceful' elections on the 31 July this year, and it is true that the polls were calm in comparison to the terrible violence seen in 2008. But it hides an ugly truth that intimidation prevailed, impacting on the right of citizens to vote freely for a party of their choice, along with a calculated strategy to skew the result to the advantage of the Zanu PF party. Mugabe and Zanu PF can only be celebrated as true credible winners - therefore justifiable leaders of Zimbabwe - if their victory was determined by free and fair elections. We don't know what the result of a free and fair election would be in Zimbabwe, because we have not seen one. We believe that the results declared by the Zimbabwe Election Commission (ZEC) cannot be viewed as either credible or legitimate for a variety of reasons, which we chronicle on this page. 

Not credible: Zimbabwe's 2013 election results marred by fraud

Missing Voters' roll at the heart of the fraud

Size of Zimbabwe voters roll Sample from roll showing duplicated names MDC-T withdraws petition MDC-T withdraws petition
The size of Zimbabwe's voters' roll in hard copy Sample of voters' roll showing duplicated names Page 1 of MDC-T petition affidavit withdrawing challenge Page 2 of MDC-T petition affidavit withdrawing challenge

[Click images above to enlarge

Zimbabwe's voters' roll takes center stage in allegations of fraud. Zimbabwe's law preserves the right for all parties and candidates to have a searchable electronic version of the voters' roll in reasonable time before elections. More than two weeks after the elections, nobody has seen an electronic copy of the voters' roll. (Note: This was not the only law broken). Prior to the elections the Zimbabwe Electoral Commission (ZEC) claimed there were logistical problems with issuing a copy in electronic format. This claim is utterly absurd given the ease of electronic communication, leaving reasonable people with the only conclusion possible; namely, deliberate obstruction by ZEC.

The MDC-T received a hard-copy of the voters' roll at 4pm on the day of the elections itself. But the size of the document - delivered in print and when the polls had almost concluded - provided little means for them to conduct proper analysis. This is an insult to justice. Nevertheless, a sample - based on one constituency - was provided to the media a few days before 31 July by one party, and it demonstrated many names duplicated with minor changes made to details (see sample released to the media here). This, it was concluded, would allow people to vote more than once for a party, and testimony from Zimbabweans on election day supports this assumption (see section below). That party was Zanu PF. The MDC-T also claimed it found 838,000 entries with the same name, address and date of birth but different ID number, 350,000 people who are more than 85 years old and 109,000 aged over 100 - including a 135-year-old army officer. 

In addition to these possible errors (which ZEC's refusal to disclose the voters' roll doesn't allow to be proven or disproven), the entire registration process leading up to the elections was hampered by criticism. Sokwanele monitors Zimbabwe's compliance with SADC electoral guidelines and all four issues of our Zimbabwe Election Watch (ZEW) project reports (see Issues 1, 2, 3 and 4 here) were dominated by registration irregularities, to the point it was becoming farcical and glaringly obvious that things were seriously amiss (view the variety of problems plauging the registration process here - filter on SADC clause 4.1.3). 

The absence of the voters' roll has also prevented parties from challenging the results of the election in court: the MDC-T today (16 August 2013) withdrew its challenge because, without a copy of the roll which it still does not possess, it was unable to conduct the type of analyses required to form the basis of its challenge (click on thumbnails above to view the petition the MDC-T submitted). This means that the justice system has failed again; it means that the laws designed to protect democracy have failed because other laws also intended to protect democracy have been deliberately flouted.

This, as well as all the other evidence outlined on this page, is why Sokwanele believes that the results of the 2013 polls cannot be deemed fair or free (people can only vote if they are properly registered) - and therefore they are not credible We find it astonishing that anyone - let alone leaders of States whose role it is is to ensure the will of the people prevails - can turn a blind eye to the array of outrages that have occurred in our country with regards the 2013 polls.

Video testimony of fraud, harassment, and violence

Violations of Zimbabwe's constitution and rule of law

Zimbabwe's constitution and our rule of law have both been abused, we believe, to pave the way for fraud. The details in this section pertain to all parties and candidates, and have been extracted from a detailed report published by David Coltart - constitutional lawyer and outgoing Minister of Education (read the full report here). To view details on how the law was broken, please click on the title to expose more.

Implausible results


No presidential results in 2013

ZEC claim that Robert Mugabe secured 61% of the vote to resoundingly win the Presidential vote. Why were results not released by constituency? They were in 2008.

National Assembly

2013 - House of Assembly Results

ZEC claim Zanu PF secured more than 2/3 of the seats in Parliament (enough to change Zimbabwe's constitution), including in areas traditionally hostile to Zanu PF. Use our maps to compare results between 2008 and 2013. 

Margin of Victory

Margin of Victory - 2013

The ZEC results claim implausibly wide margins of victory for Zanu PF accross most of the nation - more than 40% margin for most seats. Use our maps to compare results between 2008 and 2013. 

Explore results via a dynamic table interface

Interactive table of results

Explore results using our interactive table, which will allow you to compare results between 2008 and 2013 accross participating parties. Highlight results by margin of victory as well. Plausible? We don't think so.

Crowdsourced Testimony

Crowdsourced testimony

The details provided in our table of crowdsourced information is browsable, by location, here.

Crowdsourced testimony from Zimbabweans

The testimony detailed below is crowdsourced information submitted by ordinary Zimbabweans in their own words. It formed the basis of this map here. Please submit a report of fraud by clicking this link. We will include your words in the table below. You can do this anonymously.

901 rows
Title Incident Location Reported/Incident Date Incident Description Incident Category
Voters being turned away Harare 31.07.2013 - 15:39 45 turned away in Somabula they have been told they are under a different ward. They don't know where to go now. Turned Away at Polling Station
Voters being turned away Ward 10, Bulawayo 31.07.2013 - 15:33 3 people turned away from Zulukandaba primary school ward 10 Entumbane #Bulawayo as names not on voters roll Turned Away at Polling Station
Change of Constituency without my authority Mutare 30.06.2013 - 15:33 My constituency is recorded wrongly. I am wrongly registered in Mutasa South instead of Mutare Central. I am peplexed as to why my constuency was changed without my knowledge Voters' Roll Errors
Voter feedback Harare Central 31.07.2013 - 12:05 David Livingstone school. Making steady progress. Hearing there is chaos in Gunhill as police special voters have been bussed in. Irregularities in Voting Process
Postivie and Negative events Chinanza 31.07.2013 - 20:14 July 31, 2013 1:31 PMAt around 1pm 164 females and 204 males have voted at chemhanza stadium in glen view south constituency 85 people have been turned away because their names are not found in the voters roll. Turned Away at Polling Station
Appearing on voters role but absend from country for more than 13 years manchester ,uk 28.06.2013 - 15:33 The above details still appear as registered voter but the person had been absent from Zimbabwe for 13 years and I am not sure if the name is being used for vote rigging. It should be removed from the voters role SURNAME: xxxxxx FIRST NAME: xxxxx DATE OF BIRTH: 06/09/1970 ID NUMBER: xxxxxxx WARD NUMBER: 10 CONSTITUENCY: SUNNINGDALE CONSTITUENCY NUMBER: 188 Voters' Roll Errors
not appearing on voter registration list ZIMRA, Hughes Street, Masvingo 01.07.2013 - 15:41 I could not find my name even though i voted in the previous elections Voters' Roll Errors
No names in voter roll, Chikanga and Hobhouse li Mutare 31.07.2013 - 19:17 No names in voter roll, Chikanga and Hobhouse lines are not moving people wil not finish until 7pm Turned Away at Polling Station
Voting started late Midlands 17.07.2013 - 15:17 Voting commenced at 1257 hrs in Gokwe Central. Special Voting Exercise discrepancies
All newly registerd voters w sl Mutare 31.07.2013 - 13:16 All newly registerd voters w slips ar being turnd away coz their names dnt appear in the roll. My wife has bn denyd to cast. I'm in mutare urban. Turned Away at Polling Station
Delayed ballot papers Matabeleland North 17.07.2013 - 15:01 All the districts, save for Umguza, had not received their ballot papers by 1650 hrs Sunday. Special Voting Exercise discrepancies
Missing information Mabvuku, Harare 10.07.2013 - 03:16 From Harare. Have voted before Mabvuku Voters' Roll Errors
Spouses of police masquerading Chitungwiza 17.07.2013 - 15:42 In Goromonzi, spouses of police masquerading as police officers RDC were being allowed to cast their ballots. Special Voting Exercise discrepancies
New polling stations - No MDC polling agents Muzarabani 27.07.2013 - 09:54 6 new polling stations announced in muzarabani north. No mdc polling agents accredited to these stations. Monitors/Agents, Irregularities in Voting Process
Voters being turned away Harare 31.07.2013 - 15:28 Mafakela primary school polling station where 11 people were turned away. Turned Away at Polling Station
Authenticity of Search Results Hillside, Bulawayo 10.07.2013 - 15:00 I would be more convinced if the search results could also give my address associated with the Ward claimed to be the one I belong to. Otherwise how do i know that this is not a ploy to paint the picture of a shambolic voters' role and cause panic and despondency at such a critical time? Voters' Roll Errors, Voter Fraud
Not registered Harare 02.07.2013 - 15:01 I cant find my Name and ID in your system. Voters' Roll Errors
Long queues Ward 1, Mutare Central 31.07.2013 - 10:45 People are casting their ballots peacefully although some people are turned out dew to theeir names not found on the voters roll,in ward one mutare central i can see more people about 600 people are waiting angciously because of the long cuews which are not moving fast.some have even rose up as early as 4am pretending to cast and go but long cuews are stumbling blocks. Irregularities in Voting Process, Turned Away at Polling Station
Shortage of ballot papers Cowdray Park, Bulawayo 31.07.2013 - 20:06 Source: Zim Rights Shortage of ballot papers at Cowdray park terminus voters are being told to go to other nearby polling stations 5:52 PM - 31 Jul 13 Irregularities in Voting Process
Chimvuri B/C polling centre war Buhera 31.07.2013 - 13:11 Chimvuri B/C polling centre ward8 Buhera Voting is peaceful. However high no of assisted voters suggests there is no freedom. Strategic coercion must be in use. Assisted Voting
Police officers being disruptive Harare 31.07.2013 - 14:42 The police officers who were bused to Belgravia Sports Club Polling station. They are holding up & skipping queues Intimidation or Violence, Irregularities in Voting Process
Violence and assault Ward 29, Shamva 31.07.2013 - 15:44 On the 28th of July 2013, at Shamva Gold mine, a group of ZANU-PF activists disrupted an MDC-T rally which was supposed to be addressed by Tendai Biti (MDC-T Secretary General). The ZANU-PF activists also went on to assault MDC-T activists with stones resulting in 5 MDC-T activists being injured. The incident took place at 13:00 hours in the full view of officers from Shamva Police station who did not take any action during the incident. Intimidation or Violence
Intimidation and coercion Gutu 31.07.2013 - 15:06 Yesterday on 27 July, a VIDCO Chairperson namely Anos Machinjike summoned the people of Mutowoni, Savaka, Chikabida, Mhanda, Mutonga and Chigodora villages to a meeting at Mutema Township where he gave them times that they ought to go and cast their ballots on 31 July 2013. He said this was meant to track down those who would not have voted for ZANU PF. Intimidation or Violence
Late person still on voters roll in Buhera West Buhera 01.07.2013 - 14:13 My late mother from Buhera West is still on the voters roll despite passing away two years ago. Her name and ID numbers are correctly captured. So who is going to vote on her behalf? How did her details end up on the new voters' roll when all we have for her now is her death certificate?? Voter Fraud
Voter feedback Kuwadzana 31.07.2013 - 13:04 Voting gng on wel but PACE is more than too SLOW l dont have a word for it from Kuwadzana 7 primary Irregularities in Voting Process
Not Recorded 22 Vestminster Ave 29.06.2013 - 15:51 Dear Team I registered on 17/05/2013 at the Mt Pleasant Registrar General's Office and apparently my ID is still not appearing the voter's roll. However my cousin's ID, who registered on the same day and location as myself is registered with all the required details My ID: XXXXXXX Cousin's ID: XXXXXXXX Please kindly and swiftly investigate the matter and resolve. Thank you and regards Voters' Roll Errors
Missing Bulawayo 16.07.2013 - 12:13 MY ID NUMBER IS xx-xxxxxx-x-xx Voters' Roll Errors
We are at Liebenberg polling station in Chivhu w Chivhu 31.07.2013 - 19:07 We are at Liebenberg polling station in Chivhu we got here before 9am and we are still far from voting we are afraid that come 7pm we will be turned away Irregularities in Voting Process
Wrong constituency Mufakose, Harare 06.07.2013 - 15:56 I reside in Harare, Mufakose Surbub in ward 35 and i registered there but my name is apprearing in ward 37 in Kuwadzana, Harare. Voters' Roll Errors
not registered Napier Avenue, Bulawayo 09.07.2013 - 15:20 my name is not on the voters roll Voters' Roll Errors
Names posted to wrong constituencies Mutasa South Constituency 02.07.2013 - 15:24 Shocked that all family members have been put under wrong constistuencies all together. This is happening to many people that we also know. Come elections we will go to vote where we stay but we will not be able to vote unless if we travel to the constituencies where our names have been posted. Voters' Roll Errors
Wrong Address Goromonzi 25.07.2013 - 13:28 Was a registered voter for ward x in Goromonzi south Constituency then transferred way back in November last year my name never transferred reapply again but still not transferred. My fear is i missed the slip but holding a photocopy. Cld that help Wonderful Clr Voters' Roll Errors
Voting extension in the absence of voters Umzururu Primary (5504), Ward 25, Zvimba east, Mash West 01.08.2013 - 03:10 Umzururu Primary (5504), Ward 25, Zvimba east, Mash West Poll station had 1 or 2 people trickling through from 6pm - 7pm yet the voting was extended indefinitely (last check past 9.30pm). Why was voting extended when there were no voters in queue / crowds? This is against the rules and raises the question of potential rigging, when there are no people around to witness irregularities! Irregularities in Voting Process
I've been removed! Gweru 29.06.2013 - 03:42 I have voted in every election since 1980 and have not changed my address since then, yet I do not appear on the voters roll!! Voters' Roll Errors
Heavy police presence in polling station Mufakose High School, Harare 31.07.2013 - 16:32 In the Mufakose High School polling station, near Harare, up to 15 police officers are apparently present inside the polling station, some seated besides the Presiding Officer, taking the names of people who are voting. This is a clear effort to intimidate voters, and is in direct violation of the ZEC electoral laws. Source: Zimbabwe Solidarity Forum Intimidation or Violence, Monitors/Agents, Irregularities in Voting Process
incorrect details Mutare 31.07.2013 - 15:04 Corrected voters roll to corrrct ward but name does now not appear Voters' Roll Errors
Voters being requested to register with ZANU PF who they voted for Chitungwiza 31.07.2013 - 19:51 16:35 Jul 31 2013 Chitungwiza at Dudzai Primary school Polling station and Chibuku stadium Polling station, Ward 15 and 20; people who have completed voting are being requested to register at a created ZANU PF office, and state who they voted for. Voter ID recording
Deceased brothers on voters roll Harare 01.08.2013 - 14:15 I went to vote and I saw my two deceased brothers still on the voters roll. Andrew Magwaro and Dobeyn Magwaro are deceased but still on voters roll. Voters' Roll Errors
Non-voters had names crossed out of voters' roll Harare 31.07.2013 - 21:26 Some who claim to have not voted in the special voting process had their names crossed out of the voters' roll Irregularities in Voting Process, Voters' Roll Errors
Voter education behind the voting booth Umguza 31.07.2013 - 19:56 12:57 Jul 31 2013 Irregularities with voter assistance Umguza Ward 19, Nyam Assisted Voting
wrong constituents redcliff 01.07.2013 - 03:41 wrong constituency moved from Chiredzi to Redcliff Kwekwe Voters' Roll Errors
MDC-T supporters in hiding after lives have been threatened Muzarabani 14.08.2013 - 21:38 Muzarabani Polling agents and citizens of Muzarabani tell how such huge numbers of voters were "assisted" to vote in the July 31st poll. Many opposition supporters are in hiding as their lives, families and properties are being threatened by members of Zanu PF. Assisted Voting, Intimidation or Violence
Clear evidence of voter intimidation Buhera 31.07.2013 - 21:26 I now have a picture showing clear evidence of voter intimidation in Buhera South. What an outrage >> #ZimElections Intimidation or Violence, Irregularities in Voting Process
Ballot Box Irregularities Harare 31.07.2013 - 20:06 Irregularities with the arrangement of the Charumara Primary School Polling Station. A ZEC official at the Charumara Primary School Polling Station was sitting too close to the presidential ballot box. This box was on the floor, instead of on the table.? Irregularities in Voting Process
Voters denied the right to vote Mbizo 31.07.2013 - 19:36 There was chaos at Mbizo 7 Rusununguko polling station as police struggled to control queues of voters who wanted to cast their votes. Some of those in the queue had arrived as early as 4am to cast votes in what has been called a watershed election. Memory Matandare was close to tears after she was turned away because her name did not appear on the voters roll, she then produced her certificate of registration but was again denied the right to vote. Rusununguko turned away five other voters who also produced registration certificates by 9:15 in the morning. Turned Away at Polling Station
Not appearing on voters role Harare 30.07.2013 - 15:18 I am registered voter who has voted at every election ( 4 times) and my ID is not reflecting I am a registered voter! Voters' Roll Errors
Voter irregularities Harare 31.07.2013 - 18:51 I wanted to vote at Houghton Park primary only to be told that my name is in Chimanimani. But was told to go to Hatfield Girls High. Upon arrival at Hatfield Girls, was given a voters registration slip and asked politely to vote for Alicia Lumumba but a president of my choice. Is this free and fair?Only people with slips from Lumumba are being given the right to vote even if they do not appear in the voters roll. Turned Away at Polling Station
Too long voting queues which will b possible to Beitbridge 31.07.2013 - 19:13 Too long voting queues which will b possible to finish them by 7 at Beitbridge Irregularities in Voting Process