Back to Top

Not credible: Zimbabwe's 2013 election results marred by fraud 

Zimbabwe has been praised for holding 'peaceful' elections on the 31 July this year, and it is true that the polls were calm in comparison to the terrible violence seen in 2008. But it hides an ugly truth that intimidation prevailed, impacting on the right of citizens to vote freely for a party of their choice, along with a calculated strategy to skew the result to the advantage of the Zanu PF party. Mugabe and Zanu PF can only be celebrated as true credible winners - therefore justifiable leaders of Zimbabwe - if their victory was determined by free and fair elections. We don't know what the result of a free and fair election would be in Zimbabwe, because we have not seen one. We believe that the results declared by the Zimbabwe Election Commission (ZEC) cannot be viewed as either credible or legitimate for a variety of reasons, which we chronicle on this page. 

Not credible: Zimbabwe's 2013 election results marred by fraud

Missing Voters' roll at the heart of the fraud

Size of Zimbabwe voters roll Sample from roll showing duplicated names MDC-T withdraws petition MDC-T withdraws petition
The size of Zimbabwe's voters' roll in hard copy Sample of voters' roll showing duplicated names Page 1 of MDC-T petition affidavit withdrawing challenge Page 2 of MDC-T petition affidavit withdrawing challenge

[Click images above to enlarge

Zimbabwe's voters' roll takes center stage in allegations of fraud. Zimbabwe's law preserves the right for all parties and candidates to have a searchable electronic version of the voters' roll in reasonable time before elections. More than two weeks after the elections, nobody has seen an electronic copy of the voters' roll. (Note: This was not the only law broken). Prior to the elections the Zimbabwe Electoral Commission (ZEC) claimed there were logistical problems with issuing a copy in electronic format. This claim is utterly absurd given the ease of electronic communication, leaving reasonable people with the only conclusion possible; namely, deliberate obstruction by ZEC.

The MDC-T received a hard-copy of the voters' roll at 4pm on the day of the elections itself. But the size of the document - delivered in print and when the polls had almost concluded - provided little means for them to conduct proper analysis. This is an insult to justice. Nevertheless, a sample - based on one constituency - was provided to the media a few days before 31 July by one party, and it demonstrated many names duplicated with minor changes made to details (see sample released to the media here). This, it was concluded, would allow people to vote more than once for a party, and testimony from Zimbabweans on election day supports this assumption (see section below). That party was Zanu PF. The MDC-T also claimed it found 838,000 entries with the same name, address and date of birth but different ID number, 350,000 people who are more than 85 years old and 109,000 aged over 100 - including a 135-year-old army officer. 

In addition to these possible errors (which ZEC's refusal to disclose the voters' roll doesn't allow to be proven or disproven), the entire registration process leading up to the elections was hampered by criticism. Sokwanele monitors Zimbabwe's compliance with SADC electoral guidelines and all four issues of our Zimbabwe Election Watch (ZEW) project reports (see Issues 1, 2, 3 and 4 here) were dominated by registration irregularities, to the point it was becoming farcical and glaringly obvious that things were seriously amiss (view the variety of problems plauging the registration process here - filter on SADC clause 4.1.3). 

The absence of the voters' roll has also prevented parties from challenging the results of the election in court: the MDC-T today (16 August 2013) withdrew its challenge because, without a copy of the roll which it still does not possess, it was unable to conduct the type of analyses required to form the basis of its challenge (click on thumbnails above to view the petition the MDC-T submitted). This means that the justice system has failed again; it means that the laws designed to protect democracy have failed because other laws also intended to protect democracy have been deliberately flouted.

This, as well as all the other evidence outlined on this page, is why Sokwanele believes that the results of the 2013 polls cannot be deemed fair or free (people can only vote if they are properly registered) - and therefore they are not credible We find it astonishing that anyone - let alone leaders of States whose role it is is to ensure the will of the people prevails - can turn a blind eye to the array of outrages that have occurred in our country with regards the 2013 polls.

Video testimony of fraud, harassment, and violence

Violations of Zimbabwe's constitution and rule of law

Zimbabwe's constitution and our rule of law have both been abused, we believe, to pave the way for fraud. The details in this section pertain to all parties and candidates, and have been extracted from a detailed report published by David Coltart - constitutional lawyer and outgoing Minister of Education (read the full report here). To view details on how the law was broken, please click on the title to expose more.

Implausible results


No presidential results in 2013

ZEC claim that Robert Mugabe secured 61% of the vote to resoundingly win the Presidential vote. Why were results not released by constituency? They were in 2008.

National Assembly

2013 - House of Assembly Results

ZEC claim Zanu PF secured more than 2/3 of the seats in Parliament (enough to change Zimbabwe's constitution), including in areas traditionally hostile to Zanu PF. Use our maps to compare results between 2008 and 2013. 

Margin of Victory

Margin of Victory - 2013

The ZEC results claim implausibly wide margins of victory for Zanu PF accross most of the nation - more than 40% margin for most seats. Use our maps to compare results between 2008 and 2013. 

Explore results via a dynamic table interface

Interactive table of results

Explore results using our interactive table, which will allow you to compare results between 2008 and 2013 accross participating parties. Highlight results by margin of victory as well. Plausible? We don't think so.

Crowdsourced Testimony

Crowdsourced testimony

The details provided in our table of crowdsourced information is browsable, by location, here.

Crowdsourced testimony from Zimbabweans

The testimony detailed below is crowdsourced information submitted by ordinary Zimbabweans in their own words. It formed the basis of this map here. Please submit a report of fraud by clicking this link. We will include your words in the table below. You can do this anonymously.

901 rows
Title Incident Location Reported/Incident Date Incident Description Incident Category
Vote rigging through assisted voting Harare 31.07.2013 - 23:54 WIDESPREAD RIGGING RUSHINGA CONSTIUENCY THRU ASSISTED VOTING. Assisted Voting
Ward 31 916 14th crescent Glenview1 01.07.2013 - 03:07 916 14th Crescent Glenview1,Harare Voters' Roll Errors
Violence Bindura 30.07.2013 - 18:29 On the 28th of July 2013, Headman Abraham Mhembere assaulted 3 women, Tamburayi Jimu and her two friends. They were assaulted for wearing MDC-T regalia. The matter was reported to Bindura Police station but no arrests have been made yet. Intimidation or Violence
Unlawfully registered Tsholotsho 02.07.2013 - 00:15 My name is Sikhathele Tambo id no xxx. I live in England however I am registered to vote in Tsholotsho south ward 22.I have never registered myself ever ,my name should not be on the list of people registered to vote. Voters' Roll Errors, Voter Fraud
Mobile Voter Exercise Chaotic Bulawayo 26.07.2013 - 22:41 Bulawayo residents have expressed concern over lack of adequate information and publicity from the Registrar General's Office on the mobile voter registration exercise. The program, expected to facilitate the registration of voters, especially those previously designated as 'aliens', is being hampered by administrative shortcomings, as Provincial administrative offices said they have not received communication from their bosses in Harare that the so-called aliens can now register as voters. City resident William Sithole, who went to Iminyela Hall to register Monday, said there hasn't been adequate publicity on the exercise to ensure citizens use this opportunity to register or check the voter's roll for their names. Voters' Roll Errors
Voter feedback Zaka 31.07.2013 - 12:18 In Zaka voting going wl no long qeue where i voted St Anthony bt long one in Jerera my dead sister stil on the roll from 2000 , Irregularities in Voting Process
Voter confusion with polling stations Chimanimani 31.07.2013 - 21:32 FeyaFeyaElection2013 ?@feyaXfeya 2h Citizen Contribution: "I wanted to vote at Houghton Park primary only to be told that my name is in Chimanimani.... 5:55 PM - 31 Jul 13 Voters' Roll Errors
wrong constituency Hatfield 05.07.2013 - 03:32 the voters roll was tampered with, I never registered in Hatfield Voters' Roll Errors
Intimidation at polling center Murehwa 17.07.2013 - 18:55 In Murehwa South, there was intimidation of junior police officers by their superiors. Special Voting Exercise discrepancies
Unregistered man permitted to vote Zaka 31.07.2013 - 20:06 The Presiding Officer of Mudzara Polling Station in Ward 23, Zaka West, Masvingo allowed Gwinyai Murimbira to vote although his name was not on the Voters Roll and he did not have a registration slip. Apparently he did this because of authority from higher offices.? Irregularities in Voting Process
Names of dead people apear in v Murombedzi 31.07.2013 - 13:15 Names of dead people apear in voter roll Murombedzi Zowa Irregularities in Voting Process
People turned away from voting Mount Pleasant Drive, Harare 31.07.2013 - 18:09 Many people turned away, coz their names in other wards. In Mt Pleasant Heights 129 people turned away by 11am 3:33 PM - 31 Jul 13 Turned Away at Polling Station
I am not registered Elliot Drive Manningdale 28.06.2013 - 03:36 I checked if I was registered and noted that I am not. Voters' Roll Errors
Intimidation in Chinhoyi Chinhoyi 29.07.2013 - 23:03 Another member of MDC T has been threatened with death if ZANU PF loses , izvi zvirikutaurwa ndiripo ndichinzwa. This woman is a member of MDC T Intimidation or Violence
Not on voters role Borrowdale, Harare 23.07.2013 - 15:45 Not on role Voters' Roll Errors
Wrong Id No Borrowdale Harare 29.07.2013 - 13:38 Last numbers on ID shd be 66 Voters' Roll Errors
My name is still in the wrong constituency, Mutare 01.07.2013 - 00:39 How long should i wait to see my name being moved to my current constituency. Its been two week now since i registered to be moved to my current constituency. Voters' Roll Errors
Assisted voters, Chikomba Central Chikomba Central 31.07.2013 - 19:49 Many assisted voters, despite voting on their own during the referendum. Assisted Voting
Removed from Voters Roll 24 Tunsgate Road, Northwood. Harare. Zimbabwe 28.06.2013 - 15:26 I have been registered as a voter since 1980. According to your information, it is no longer there Voters' Roll Errors
No ink detector in wards 6,9 & 12 in Bindura rur Bindura 31.07.2013 - 21:32 No ink detector in wards 6,9 & 12 in Bindura rural polling stations. Ques still very long and moving slowly despite people having started queuing as early as 2am Irregularities in Voting Process
Harassment Harare 30.07.2013 - 21:51 On saturday last week a couple were harassed for not wearing ZANU PF t shirts. They were released when they discovered that the man was a soldier. Yesterday my neighbour was also harrased in front of a crowd of ZANU PF supporters because she is an MDC T member. Intimidation or Violence
suspected MDC-T supporter chased at Chikundu growth point Zimbabwe 26.07.2013 - 12:16 Three days ago I was chased by Zanu-PF district chairman at e meeting held at Chikundu growth point being accused to be a suspected MDC-T supporter name of chair Shadreck Mutichakwa Intimidation or Violence
Harassment Harare 29.07.2013 - 23:08 On saturday last week a couple were harassed for not wearing ZANU PF t shirts. They were released when they discovered that the man was a soldier. Yesterday my neighbour was also harrased in front of a crowd of ZANU PF supporters because she is an MDC T member. Intimidation or Violence
A bogus war vet theatrens people Plumtree 30.07.2013 - 21:03 Plumtree Urban :Mangwe Constituency.War veterans threatening people with violence if they vote for MDC.Names given Intimidation or Violence
illegal campaigning Zvimba 31.07.2013 - 15:14 At Trilon Primary school polling station, a group of ZANU-PF youths led by a chairperson identified as Makey are campaigning less than 200 metres from the polling station. They are handing out ZANU-PF T-shirts and fliers with photos of their candidates. Intimidation or Violence, Irregularities in Voting Process
Not on Voters Roll Report Harare 03.07.2013 - 22:47 I STILL NOT ON THE VOTERS ROLL IN SPITE OF: * Having been born in Harare, Zimbabwe. * I have voted in every election since Independence. * In the 2008 election I was one of those people who had disappeared from the voters roll. My mother who had died in 1995 was still there, however. * On 18 May 2013 I went to our mobile registration centre, Gilston, Harare South. I was the only person out of about 200 who was asked to produce a birth certificate as well as my ID. * I then went on 21st May 2013 I went to Chitungwiza District Office to re-register. Voters' Roll Errors
Voter Intimidation Mashonaland West 18.07.2013 - 12:35 Good morning. In Shamva under Mashonaland Central people are being forced to toy toy, wear zanu pf regalia and attend rallies. People are being intimidated they are even afraid to go out to the shops. Pliz send observers in this area so that they can see for themselves. Intimidation or Violence
What has the mdc done abt the voters rolls,i thi Budiriro 31.07.2013 - 21:32 What has the mdc done abt the voters rolls,i think they are too many being usd e.g in budiriro were i casted my vote i was the only one on that page of the roll by 2:10pm and less than 3 pple on other several pages. It seems as if people were not voting. Irregularities in Voting Process
Polling Center Problems Mabvuku, Harare 17.07.2013 - 17:46 At Mabvuku Hall, more than 3000 individuals had queued to vote, however, less than 50 managed to record their vote because during the process the computer being used had a fault. At some point, the computer had to be replaced rendering the entire process debunk. Special Voting Exercise discrepancies
regestration 2010 dulibadzimo t/ship beitbridge 29.06.2013 - 15:23 i want to regester so what must i do i regester Voters' Roll Errors
Removed from Voters Roll Harare 03.07.2013 - 12:18 I have lived in Zimbabwe for the last 64 years. I have been on the voters roll for over 40 years and voted at the 2008 elections. I have entered by ID and appear to be no longer on the voters roll. I went into Harare and found a queue of over 200 people on Monday 1st July. How can we all be registered in the time being allocated ? I am not in a position to stand in a queue for 2, 3 or how many days it would take to register! Where is the free and fair elections if potential voters are not able to register because some parties in the country are rushing into the election for there own agenda ? xxxx Voters' Roll Errors
Here in Epworth a lot of metal id holder were tu Epworth 31.07.2013 - 19:52 Here in Epworth a lot of metal id holder were turned back, the being their names were not found on the voters role otherwise the turnout was gud. Turned Away at Polling Station
suspected MDC voters assisted by Zanu PF members Uzumba Maramba Pfungwe 31.07.2013 - 20:04 In ward 12 Uzumba, Musami Polling Station, Mugabe Polling Station, Nyamhutswa Polling Station, all suspected MDC supporters were assisted voters in voting. A meeting was held yesterday in the area declaring that all active mdc members they will be paired with a ZANU PF members. Assisted Voting, Forced Political Participation
Violence Harare 30.07.2013 - 18:16 On the 25th of July 2013, a group of ZANU-PF supporters led by Webster Shamu abducted William Kapuya the MDC- T affiliated Chairperson for Southlea Park. Kapuya was then rescued at Mbudzi roundabout by other MDC- T activists. The matter was reported at Waterfalls Police Station and action is yet to be taken. Intimidation or Violence
Long queues Budiriro 3, Harare 31.07.2013 - 15:03 In Budiriro 3, long long lines and slow process. MDC-T very faint on the ballot slips and is last. Irregularities in Voting Process
Violence Mount Darwin 31.07.2013 - 12:59 On the 30th of July 2013, a village head only identified as Paraffin and his two accomplices Osten Majichi and Nervous held a meeting in ward 31 and threatened villagers. They told villagers that all MDC-T activists who live in the village will be beaten up if ZANU-PF loses the election. Intimidation or Violence
Ballot box irregularities Harare 01.08.2013 - 21:20 Not in the accompany of officials, a women went to the command centre with a box full of unsigned ballot papers. The box is believed to belong to ZANU PF. The woman came from Dzivarasekwa extension,however the police have been summoned. Irregularities in Voting Process
Voting in Epworth Epworth 31.07.2013 - 14:09 Myself in Epworth they are moving quite well despite the intimidation which was here yesterday orchestrated by Midzi supporters. Irregularities in Voting Process
Wrong spelling Harare 03.07.2013 - 15:39 I have voted previously with the correct spelling of my surname. Now my check shows my surname is split with the latter half being listed as my Christian name. Voters' Roll Errors
Delayed voting Midlands 17.07.2013 - 15:35 In Mberengwa East, voting began at 1423 hrs Special Voting Exercise discrepancies
Block voting forced by kraal heads Muzarabani 31.07.2013 - 09:58 Muzarabani North - Kraal heads gathered their villagers and told them they had to vote in blocs Intimidation or Violence, Irregularities in Voting Process
Cops bused in to vote Strathaven Shopping Centre, Harare 31.07.2013 - 16:53 Bus full of shaven head young men at strathaven polling station, presume cops. Have reported this to the mp Monitors/Agents, Irregularities in Voting Process
Arrest for holding a rally Mutare 30.07.2013 - 20:10 An MDC-T aspiring Member of Parliament candidate, Shoshiwa Mudiwa was arrested on Saturday 27 July for holding a rally at Mafararikwa Primary School. Police officers from Bambazonke Police Station alleged that they had not been given prior notification of the rally but Mr Mudiwa argues that he had notified the police prior to the meeting. The victim was later transferred to Mutare Police station after being detained from 11am to 5pm. Intimidation or Violence
Voting Mount Darwin 31.07.2013 - 14:46 I'm at Chimubwe P/S in Mt Darwin. Educated people are casting their vote saying they don't right as they were taught by the kraal heads. Assisted Voting
Out of Country Harare 31.07.2013 - 03:48 I am out of the Country and unable to vote, although it seems I am registered! Voters' Roll Errors
Violence Zvishavane 30.07.2013 - 18:31 On the 28th of July 2013, Chief Mafala called for a public meeting where he introduced John Honder an aspiring ZANU-PF Member of Parliament candidate for Zvishavane Ngezi constituency. After the introductions, the MDC-T activists left the meeting citing that they cannot attend a ZANU-PF meeting. ZANU-PF youths followed them to Ndimaneni Business Centre where they clashed and started fighting each other. Later that evening, 8 ZANU-PF youths including Mafios Dhlamini, Josephat Dhlamini, Bernard Dhlamini, George Dhlamini and two unidentified men who claimed to be policemen went to houses of Charumbira, Dhlamini, Matse, Mpofu and Dlodlo (who are MDC supporters) in Ndimaneni village and assaulted everyone present. The victims fled to a nearby forest where they spent the night. The matter was reported to Zvishavane police station and investigations are still underway. The victims have since sought alternative shelter somewhere in Zvishavane. Intimidation or Violence
Not Registered Bulawayo 30.07.2013 - 15:09 Bulawayo - Pumula Voters' Roll Errors
I am in Mbare vendors at the ma Mbare 31.07.2013 - 15:34 I am in Mbare vendors at the market are being told to give their names to the Chairman after voting. They are threatening to take away stands for those who do not comply. It is the same at Matapi flats. Intimidation or Violence, Irregularities in Voting Process, Voter ID recording
All house holds forced to attend ZANU-PF rally in Kuno Mutare South Mutare 13.07.2013 - 13:35 Kuno Mutare south, Dora Dombo, villages (Mundembe & Bvirindi, chief Zimunya Bvirindi is forcing every house hold to attend to a Zanu PF rally being addressed by Pemhenai candidate for Zanu PF on Sat 13/07/2012. Forced Political Participation