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Not credible: Zimbabwe's 2013 election results marred by fraud 

Zimbabwe has been praised for holding 'peaceful' elections on the 31 July this year, and it is true that the polls were calm in comparison to the terrible violence seen in 2008. But it hides an ugly truth that intimidation prevailed, impacting on the right of citizens to vote freely for a party of their choice, along with a calculated strategy to skew the result to the advantage of the Zanu PF party. Mugabe and Zanu PF can only be celebrated as true credible winners - therefore justifiable leaders of Zimbabwe - if their victory was determined by free and fair elections. We don't know what the result of a free and fair election would be in Zimbabwe, because we have not seen one. We believe that the results declared by the Zimbabwe Election Commission (ZEC) cannot be viewed as either credible or legitimate for a variety of reasons, which we chronicle on this page. 

Not credible: Zimbabwe's 2013 election results marred by fraud

Missing Voters' roll at the heart of the fraud

Size of Zimbabwe voters roll Sample from roll showing duplicated names MDC-T withdraws petition MDC-T withdraws petition
The size of Zimbabwe's voters' roll in hard copy Sample of voters' roll showing duplicated names Page 1 of MDC-T petition affidavit withdrawing challenge Page 2 of MDC-T petition affidavit withdrawing challenge

[Click images above to enlarge

Zimbabwe's voters' roll takes center stage in allegations of fraud. Zimbabwe's law preserves the right for all parties and candidates to have a searchable electronic version of the voters' roll in reasonable time before elections. More than two weeks after the elections, nobody has seen an electronic copy of the voters' roll. (Note: This was not the only law broken). Prior to the elections the Zimbabwe Electoral Commission (ZEC) claimed there were logistical problems with issuing a copy in electronic format. This claim is utterly absurd given the ease of electronic communication, leaving reasonable people with the only conclusion possible; namely, deliberate obstruction by ZEC.

The MDC-T received a hard-copy of the voters' roll at 4pm on the day of the elections itself. But the size of the document - delivered in print and when the polls had almost concluded - provided little means for them to conduct proper analysis. This is an insult to justice. Nevertheless, a sample - based on one constituency - was provided to the media a few days before 31 July by one party, and it demonstrated many names duplicated with minor changes made to details (see sample released to the media here). This, it was concluded, would allow people to vote more than once for a party, and testimony from Zimbabweans on election day supports this assumption (see section below). That party was Zanu PF. The MDC-T also claimed it found 838,000 entries with the same name, address and date of birth but different ID number, 350,000 people who are more than 85 years old and 109,000 aged over 100 - including a 135-year-old army officer. 

In addition to these possible errors (which ZEC's refusal to disclose the voters' roll doesn't allow to be proven or disproven), the entire registration process leading up to the elections was hampered by criticism. Sokwanele monitors Zimbabwe's compliance with SADC electoral guidelines and all four issues of our Zimbabwe Election Watch (ZEW) project reports (see Issues 1, 2, 3 and 4 here) were dominated by registration irregularities, to the point it was becoming farcical and glaringly obvious that things were seriously amiss (view the variety of problems plauging the registration process here - filter on SADC clause 4.1.3). 

The absence of the voters' roll has also prevented parties from challenging the results of the election in court: the MDC-T today (16 August 2013) withdrew its challenge because, without a copy of the roll which it still does not possess, it was unable to conduct the type of analyses required to form the basis of its challenge (click on thumbnails above to view the petition the MDC-T submitted). This means that the justice system has failed again; it means that the laws designed to protect democracy have failed because other laws also intended to protect democracy have been deliberately flouted.

This, as well as all the other evidence outlined on this page, is why Sokwanele believes that the results of the 2013 polls cannot be deemed fair or free (people can only vote if they are properly registered) - and therefore they are not credible We find it astonishing that anyone - let alone leaders of States whose role it is is to ensure the will of the people prevails - can turn a blind eye to the array of outrages that have occurred in our country with regards the 2013 polls.

Video testimony of fraud, harassment, and violence

Violations of Zimbabwe's constitution and rule of law

Zimbabwe's constitution and our rule of law have both been abused, we believe, to pave the way for fraud. The details in this section pertain to all parties and candidates, and have been extracted from a detailed report published by David Coltart - constitutional lawyer and outgoing Minister of Education (read the full report here). To view details on how the law was broken, please click on the title to expose more.

Implausible results


No presidential results in 2013

ZEC claim that Robert Mugabe secured 61% of the vote to resoundingly win the Presidential vote. Why were results not released by constituency? They were in 2008.

National Assembly

2013 - House of Assembly Results

ZEC claim Zanu PF secured more than 2/3 of the seats in Parliament (enough to change Zimbabwe's constitution), including in areas traditionally hostile to Zanu PF. Use our maps to compare results between 2008 and 2013. 

Margin of Victory

Margin of Victory - 2013

The ZEC results claim implausibly wide margins of victory for Zanu PF accross most of the nation - more than 40% margin for most seats. Use our maps to compare results between 2008 and 2013. 

Explore results via a dynamic table interface

Interactive table of results

Explore results using our interactive table, which will allow you to compare results between 2008 and 2013 accross participating parties. Highlight results by margin of victory as well. Plausible? We don't think so.

Crowdsourced Testimony

Crowdsourced testimony

The details provided in our table of crowdsourced information is browsable, by location, here.

Crowdsourced testimony from Zimbabweans

The testimony detailed below is crowdsourced information submitted by ordinary Zimbabweans in their own words. It formed the basis of this map here. Please submit a report of fraud by clicking this link. We will include your words in the table below. You can do this anonymously.

901 rows
Title Incident Location Reported/Incident Date Incident Description Incident Category
Name on voters roll but left Zimbabwe in 1998 London 29.06.2013 - 02:11 Name on voters roll but left Zimbabwe in 1998 Voters' Roll Errors
Left zim in 1982 and my name is on the voters roll usa 30.06.2013 - 13:53 Left zim in 1982 and my name is on voters roll in kambuzuma ward 14, cn 095 Voters' Roll Errors
Denied to vote Harare 31.07.2013 - 15:48 registered, had registration doc/ID - not on voters roll. Went to 2 other polling stations - still not on. Spoke to Observors and showed them slips. Said go to Command Centre. Went there and said can not vote as not on the roll. Turned Away at Polling Station
Voter Fraud Highfield, Harare 02.07.2013 - 02:13 I have been living in the UK for the past 20 years and have not returned since. My name appears on the Highfield East constituency. Voter Fraud
Alien denied vote after 47 years Bulawayo 28.07.2013 - 15:02 Born in RSA but lived here since 1966. Previously a voter but now expect only to have rights restored 'after' this election. My wife, Wallis Sullivan. Voters' Roll Errors
Violence Murehwa 30.07.2013 - 18:26 At Chikwati Business Centre, a ZANU-PF candidate identified as Israel Mariki threatened Sharon Mushore. Mariki gave Ms Mushore 2 hours to pull down the MDC-T posters that were in her shop or else he would beat her. Intimidation or Violence
Not on voters roll Harare 03.07.2013 - 03:21 I last voted in 2002 and my name has mysteriously disappeared from the roll. Is everyone expected to register every time they vote? Voters' Roll Errors
Intimidation Mazowe 31.07.2013 - 13:09 On the 29th of July 2013, a group of ZANU PF activists were carrying out door to door campaigns where they were forcing people to attend a ZANU-PF rally that was being held at Chinehasha shopping centre. Forced Political Participation
Officers forced to ask for assisted voting Shamva 31.07.2013 - 23:59 IN SHAMVA SOUTH AT CHEMANZHA PRIMARY SCHOOL THE PRESIDING OFFICERS WERE FORCED TO ASK FOR ASSISTED VOTING Assisted Voting
Voter feedback Kambuzuma, Harare 31.07.2013 - 12:24 M in Kambuzuma @ Kurai pry its going at a snail's pace but we thot it was surpose to be a bit faster tho there is silence worries are of the confusing print of party logoz. Y they have difrent font sizes Irregularities in Voting Process
Very slow Nyamuroro primary sch Gokwe 31.07.2013 - 12:52 Very slow Nyamuroro primary school Nembudzia Gokwe north. Waiting to vote Irregularities in Voting Process
Voters turned away Ward 6, Harare 31.07.2013 - 17:02 Just made my mark towards my granddaughter's future. Voted Ward 6 Harare Central. At least 3 ppl turned away, their names not appearing in the voters' roll. Turned Away at Polling Station
Voters being turned away Harare 31.07.2013 - 15:30 Milton High School experienced the same problems as 44 electorates were turned away mainly because of trying to vote at a wrong constituency, while eight failed to vote at Northend Tent polling station for the same reason. Turned Away at Polling Station
My name missing Hillside, Harare 28.07.2013 - 03:28 I have not changed my place of residence for the past ten years neither have I changed my status Voters' Roll Errors
Council Ballots finished, Voting stopped Gwanda 31.07.2013 - 19:56 Spitzkop, Gwanda Central,Ward 5 Matabeleland South. 496 voters registered but only 289 council ballot papers delivered. So when council ballots finished, 32 people were made to vote for President and MP from 12:00hrs to 14:00hrs. The officials then stopped voting for ballots being flown in from Harare.? Irregularities in Voting Process
NOT REGISTERED TO VOTE Harare 20.07.2013 - 15:15 ZIMBABWE CITIZEN ID NO: xx-xxxxxxx-x-xx Voters' Roll Errors
Appearing on voters role but absend from country for more than 13 years manchester ,uk 28.06.2013 - 15:33 The above details still appear as registered voter but the person had been absent from Zimbabwe for 13 years and I am not sure if the name is being used for vote rigging. It should be removed from the voters role SURNAME: xxxxxx FIRST NAME: xxxxx DATE OF BIRTH: 06/09/1970 ID NUMBER: xxxxxxx WARD NUMBER: 10 CONSTITUENCY: SUNNINGDALE CONSTITUENCY NUMBER: 188 Voters' Roll Errors
Delayed ballot papers Matabeleland North 17.07.2013 - 15:01 All the districts, save for Umguza, had not received their ballot papers by 1650 hrs Sunday. Special Voting Exercise discrepancies
Voters denied the right to vote Mbizo 31.07.2013 - 19:36 There was chaos at Mbizo 7 Rusununguko polling station as police struggled to control queues of voters who wanted to cast their votes. Some of those in the queue had arrived as early as 4am to cast votes in what has been called a watershed election. Memory Matandare was close to tears after she was turned away because her name did not appear on the voters roll, she then produced her certificate of registration but was again denied the right to vote. Rusununguko turned away five other voters who also produced registration certificates by 9:15 in the morning. Turned Away at Polling Station
Late person still on voters roll in Buhera West Buhera 01.07.2013 - 14:13 My late mother from Buhera West is still on the voters roll despite passing away two years ago. Her name and ID numbers are correctly captured. So who is going to vote on her behalf? How did her details end up on the new voters' roll when all we have for her now is her death certificate?? Voter Fraud
NOT REGISTERED Kwekwe 22.07.2013 - 13:03 I have registered after 27 may by my name is not on the voters roll Name : xxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxxx ID : xx-xxxxxx-x-xx Email:xxxxxxxxxx@xxxxxxxx Voters' Roll Errors
High number of assisted voters Muzarabani 31.07.2013 - 10:00 Muzarabani North - Chimoio primary polling station - Out of 200 voters 85 were forced to use the assisted vote. Assisted Voting
Wrong Constituency Harare 25.07.2013 - 19:54 I'm registered to vote in Goromonzi district and all my details are correct but I no longer live there. I left that place at the end of 2006. Since then I've not voted again because I'm not living in zim. My id nmbr is XX-XXXXXX-X-XX. Voters' Roll Errors
Fraudulent special votes Warren Park Harare 06.08.2013 - 15:36 I had the following email conversation with someone who was assisting with the voting: Source: Tue 7/30/2013 4:26 PM : Tomoro after vote we are going to be given special vote papers and we have assigned not to open them but cast them zanu.P.F thousands of them On Friday evening (2 Aug) I then asked the source about what had transpired. I was told the Presiding Officer was like a Drill sergeant ordering everyone about. After the voting, the ballots from the voting at the polling station were combined with the special votes (which were more than what had been cast at the polling station) before counting them together. Irregularities in Voting Process, Voter Fraud, Special Voting Exercise discrepancies
Bad voting process Goromonzi 31.07.2013 - 18:09 The voting process in Goromozi South is so bad that people are being transported to other stations 3:30 PM - 31 Jul 13 Irregularities in Voting Process
People turned away from voting Dzivarasekwa 31.07.2013 - 17:45 At Dzivarasekwa Command Centre we found more than 100 people who had been turned away from their wards queuing to check their names in the voters roll. These are people who have participated in more than three previous elections who suddenly found their names missing from the voters roll. Turned Away at Polling Station
Too long voting queues which will b possible to Beitbridge 31.07.2013 - 19:13 Too long voting queues which will b possible to finish them by 7 at Beitbridge Irregularities in Voting Process
Forced block voting Shamva 31.07.2013 - 10:05 In Shamva South headman are forcing their villagers to vote as a block. They are recorded names and id numbers. Intimidation or Violence, Forced Political Participation, Voter ID recording
Assisted voting Mudzi 31.07.2013 - 11:56 In mudzi some who are able to write are being assisted as if they cant. Irregularities in Voting Process, Assisted Voting
As at 1130 171 had voted 6 turn Chimanimani 31.07.2013 - 13:48 As at 1130 171 had voted 6 turned away not registered in ndieme pry school in Chimanimani east constituence Turned Away at Polling Station
Dead person Shurugwi 30.06.2013 - 03:01 My father is dead but on voters' roll Voters' Roll Errors
My constituency was changes Mutare 10.07.2013 - 14:36 my constituent was changed Voters' Roll Errors
Voters being requested to register at Zanu PF office Chitungwiza 31.07.2013 - 20:33 Chitungwiza at Dudzai Primary school Polling station and Chibuku stadium Polling station, Ward 15 and 20; people who have completed voting are being requested to register at a created ZANU PF office, and state who they voted for. Forced Political Participation, Voter ID recording
My name is listed. I didnt not register to vote. Harare 05.07.2013 - 15:19 Please can I have my name removed from the voter's roll as I did NOT register to vote in the up coming elections. You urgent response to this will be greatly appreciated. Thank you xxxxxx xxxxxxx xx-xxxxxx-x-xx Voters' Roll Errors
Concerning issues Harare 31.07.2013 - 15:27 Just voted at Harare East constituency, Highlands School. Two issues that concern me - 1. Ballot Boxes consist of flimsy white cardboard stuck with tape. ANY 'SEALING' OF SUCH A BOX MAKES A MOCKERY OF SECURITY, IN FACT IT IS IMPOSSIBLE TO 'SEAL' SUCH A BOX. 2. IT IS NOT EASY TO IDENTIFY EACH OF THE 3 SEPARATE BOXES IN WHICH TO PLACE THE APPROPRIATE VOTE: A lady sits in front of the 3 boxes to say which boxes to put the various colours in. i) It is not easy to identify which vote is which colour once the paper is folded as per instructions. ii) The boxes have on their sides a label indicating which it is. As this label is at knee height, it involves bending down to try and read the comparatively small writing. THERE WAS NO LABEL ON THE TOP OF THE BOX AS TO IT'S IDENTITY. iii) As a university educated english speaker, I was stressed by trying to ensure each of my 3 votes was placed in the appropriate box. A non English reader, who is nervous in the situation, would very easily put the wrong paper in the wrong box. THE SET - UP IS NOT CLEAR. Irregularities in Voting Process
Chiwaridzo phase 2 Bindura some people have not Bindura 31.07.2013 - 21:32 Chiwaridzo phase 2 Bindura some people have not voted the process is very slow the are about 500 to 1000 pple sent Irregularities in Voting Process
Violence Ward 22, Muzarabani 31.07.2013 - 15:32 On 27th of July 2013, Thomas Madzuramende assaulted xxxxxxx xxxxxxxx because he was wearing an MDC-T t-shirt. The case was reported to Muzarabani police station and action is yet to be taken. Intimidation or Violence
Polling station opened late Harare 17.07.2013 - 18:12 Centenary High School polling station commenced the voting process at 1210hrs and at St Albert's centre it started at 1410hrs. Special Voting Exercise discrepancies
Voter fraud in Mutasa North Mutasa North 31.07.2013 - 18:08 Nyanga On election day I was given a lift by a gentlemen who actually told us that they were travelling to a constituency in Nyanga, somewhere near Hauna, to enable people they had bussed to vote. He said they had bused 4000 people from Bulawayo, Gweru and Harare. My question was how could these people have managed to register in a constituency they do not live, when we had failed to register in Harare. I stay in a new suburb with more than 50000 people, but only two days were alloted by the registrar and only 600 people managed to register. What I suspect is that it could not be possible to bus such a number, but what could have happened is that the people could have been registered secretly, being represented by a few individuals. That is the result of some secret polling stations which could be even in certain individuals homes. Irregularities in Voting Process, Voters' Roll Errors, Voter Fraud
Here in Epworth a lot of metal id holder were tu Epworth 31.07.2013 - 19:52 Here in Epworth a lot of metal id holder were turned back, the being their names were not found on the voters role otherwise the turnout was gud. Turned Away at Polling Station
Mash west Norton ward 3 voting started @ 0705hrs Norton 31.07.2013 - 20:10 Mash west Norton ward 3 voting started @ 0705hrs smoothly with a large turnout. Being no 6 on the que may name wz not on the voters roll, after numerous calls 2 the command centre my id Turned Away at Polling Station
Ballot box irregularities Harare 01.08.2013 - 21:20 Not in the accompany of officials, a women went to the command centre with a box full of unsigned ballot papers. The box is believed to belong to ZANU PF. The woman came from Dzivarasekwa extension,however the police have been summoned. Irregularities in Voting Process
wrong address & constituency Harare 29.07.2013 - 15:07 registered in a wrong constituency and address, i am in harare glen norah constituency, ward 28. Voters' Roll Errors
Goromonzi South: Voters forced to accept assistance from selected people Goromonzi South 31.07.2013 - 13:35 In Goromonzi South Mash East, at one polling station, voters in this area have been assisted to vote by the same three people from their area while others were provided an opportunity to be assisted by people of their choice. Assisted Voting
My Name is missing from the voters roll. Harare 24.07.2013 - 12:43 My Name and Details are missing from the voters roll. My ID number is xx-xxxxxx-x-xx Voters' Roll Errors
Wrong Address 8454, Manyame Park, Chitungwiza 28.06.2013 - 03:44 My correct address is as below: House Number 8454 Manyame Park Chitungwiza Harare Voters' Roll Errors
Voting Started Late Wedza 17.07.2013 - 19:14 In Wedza, ballot papers arrived at 1600hrs at Wedza Council Boardroom. Special Voting Exercise discrepancies
Not registered Plot 174 Marshal street Kensington Bulawayo Zimbabwe 30.06.2013 - 13:00 I am not registered to vote,l am a Zimbabwean Voters' Roll Errors
Mhondoro Mubaira people being harassed Denga Dam 26.07.2013 - 12:11 Mhondoro Mubaira people are being harassed if you are found that you are not a Zanu PF member! Intimidation or Violence, Forced Political Participation