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Not credible: Zimbabwe's 2013 election results marred by fraud 

Zimbabwe has been praised for holding 'peaceful' elections on the 31 July this year, and it is true that the polls were calm in comparison to the terrible violence seen in 2008. But it hides an ugly truth that intimidation prevailed, impacting on the right of citizens to vote freely for a party of their choice, along with a calculated strategy to skew the result to the advantage of the Zanu PF party. Mugabe and Zanu PF can only be celebrated as true credible winners - therefore justifiable leaders of Zimbabwe - if their victory was determined by free and fair elections. We don't know what the result of a free and fair election would be in Zimbabwe, because we have not seen one. We believe that the results declared by the Zimbabwe Election Commission (ZEC) cannot be viewed as either credible or legitimate for a variety of reasons, which we chronicle on this page. 

Not credible: Zimbabwe's 2013 election results marred by fraud

Missing Voters' roll at the heart of the fraud

Size of Zimbabwe voters roll Sample from roll showing duplicated names MDC-T withdraws petition MDC-T withdraws petition
The size of Zimbabwe's voters' roll in hard copy Sample of voters' roll showing duplicated names Page 1 of MDC-T petition affidavit withdrawing challenge Page 2 of MDC-T petition affidavit withdrawing challenge

[Click images above to enlarge

Zimbabwe's voters' roll takes center stage in allegations of fraud. Zimbabwe's law preserves the right for all parties and candidates to have a searchable electronic version of the voters' roll in reasonable time before elections. More than two weeks after the elections, nobody has seen an electronic copy of the voters' roll. (Note: This was not the only law broken). Prior to the elections the Zimbabwe Electoral Commission (ZEC) claimed there were logistical problems with issuing a copy in electronic format. This claim is utterly absurd given the ease of electronic communication, leaving reasonable people with the only conclusion possible; namely, deliberate obstruction by ZEC.

The MDC-T received a hard-copy of the voters' roll at 4pm on the day of the elections itself. But the size of the document - delivered in print and when the polls had almost concluded - provided little means for them to conduct proper analysis. This is an insult to justice. Nevertheless, a sample - based on one constituency - was provided to the media a few days before 31 July by one party, and it demonstrated many names duplicated with minor changes made to details (see sample released to the media here). This, it was concluded, would allow people to vote more than once for a party, and testimony from Zimbabweans on election day supports this assumption (see section below). That party was Zanu PF. The MDC-T also claimed it found 838,000 entries with the same name, address and date of birth but different ID number, 350,000 people who are more than 85 years old and 109,000 aged over 100 - including a 135-year-old army officer. 

In addition to these possible errors (which ZEC's refusal to disclose the voters' roll doesn't allow to be proven or disproven), the entire registration process leading up to the elections was hampered by criticism. Sokwanele monitors Zimbabwe's compliance with SADC electoral guidelines and all four issues of our Zimbabwe Election Watch (ZEW) project reports (see Issues 1, 2, 3 and 4 here) were dominated by registration irregularities, to the point it was becoming farcical and glaringly obvious that things were seriously amiss (view the variety of problems plauging the registration process here - filter on SADC clause 4.1.3). 

The absence of the voters' roll has also prevented parties from challenging the results of the election in court: the MDC-T today (16 August 2013) withdrew its challenge because, without a copy of the roll which it still does not possess, it was unable to conduct the type of analyses required to form the basis of its challenge (click on thumbnails above to view the petition the MDC-T submitted). This means that the justice system has failed again; it means that the laws designed to protect democracy have failed because other laws also intended to protect democracy have been deliberately flouted.

This, as well as all the other evidence outlined on this page, is why Sokwanele believes that the results of the 2013 polls cannot be deemed fair or free (people can only vote if they are properly registered) - and therefore they are not credible We find it astonishing that anyone - let alone leaders of States whose role it is is to ensure the will of the people prevails - can turn a blind eye to the array of outrages that have occurred in our country with regards the 2013 polls.

Video testimony of fraud, harassment, and violence

Violations of Zimbabwe's constitution and rule of law

Zimbabwe's constitution and our rule of law have both been abused, we believe, to pave the way for fraud. The details in this section pertain to all parties and candidates, and have been extracted from a detailed report published by David Coltart - constitutional lawyer and outgoing Minister of Education (read the full report here). To view details on how the law was broken, please click on the title to expose more.

Implausible results


No presidential results in 2013

ZEC claim that Robert Mugabe secured 61% of the vote to resoundingly win the Presidential vote. Why were results not released by constituency? They were in 2008.

National Assembly

2013 - House of Assembly Results

ZEC claim Zanu PF secured more than 2/3 of the seats in Parliament (enough to change Zimbabwe's constitution), including in areas traditionally hostile to Zanu PF. Use our maps to compare results between 2008 and 2013. 

Margin of Victory

Margin of Victory - 2013

The ZEC results claim implausibly wide margins of victory for Zanu PF accross most of the nation - more than 40% margin for most seats. Use our maps to compare results between 2008 and 2013. 

Explore results via a dynamic table interface

Interactive table of results

Explore results using our interactive table, which will allow you to compare results between 2008 and 2013 accross participating parties. Highlight results by margin of victory as well. Plausible? We don't think so.

Crowdsourced Testimony

Crowdsourced testimony

The details provided in our table of crowdsourced information is browsable, by location, here.

Crowdsourced testimony from Zimbabweans

The testimony detailed below is crowdsourced information submitted by ordinary Zimbabweans in their own words. It formed the basis of this map here. Please submit a report of fraud by clicking this link. We will include your words in the table below. You can do this anonymously.

901 rows
Title Incident Location Reported/Incident Date Incident Description Incident Category
Not registered Harare 02.07.2013 - 15:17 I left Zimbabwe in 2004 and has been out of the country since then. My name & I d is registered on voters roll for Mbare ward 3. Voter Fraud
Voter feedback Harare 31.07.2013 - 13:02 Town house in city center,,the line is not moving...its too slow Irregularities in Voting Process
No ink in Nkayi South Nkayi 31.07.2013 - 18:09 No ink in Nkayi South. 4:12 PM - 31 Jul 13:09 Irregularities in Voting Process
Voter fraud Zaka 04.07.2013 - 15:30 My name appears on a voter's roll but I NEVER registered to vote Voter Fraud
Selbourne routledge primary, ra Harare 31.07.2013 - 12:08 Selbourne routledge primary, racism is @ its peak, slow movement of the queue Irregularities in Voting Process
Im in Mbare, voted responsibly Mbare 31.07.2013 - 15:39 Im in Mbare, voted responsibly @ 1330. There are no more long ques as most people have voted in the morning. Some names are missing on the voters roll. Irregularities in Voting Process
Names of dead people apear in v Murombedzi 31.07.2013 - 13:15 Names of dead people apear in voter roll Murombedzi Zowa Irregularities in Voting Process
Not Registered Bulawayo 25.07.2013 - 13:06 I registered but my name is not appearing on the voters roll Voters' Roll Errors
Not Registered Harare 22.07.2013 - 11:18 My ID number is xx-xxxxxx-xx, my name is xxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxx. I registered to vote in 2008 in Sunningdale and i voted and been checking my details online and it shows that am not existing in the voters roll. Please help. Am living in south africa. Voters' Roll Errors, Voter Fraud
People being turned away Harare 31.07.2013 - 14:54 Number of pipo turned away increasing frm my side ...20 at Yona shopping centre tent eNtumbane...357 voted by 12pm Turned Away at Polling Station
Alien denied vote after 47 years Bulawayo 28.07.2013 - 15:02 Born in RSA but lived here since 1966. Previously a voter but now expect only to have rights restored 'after' this election. My wife, Wallis Sullivan. Voters' Roll Errors
intimidation at Dudzai Primary Harare 01.08.2013 - 11:23 21:44 Jul 31 2013 Ward 15 at Dudzai primary.there was an election agent wearing a black suit who was displaying his gun to the voters.? Intimidation or Violence, Irregularities in Voting Process
Nyanga North constituency Nyanga North constituency 29.07.2013 - 15:12 On 29 July Chinamasa and Mutasa held a rally where they threatened violence if people voted otherwise. Villagers were told to feign illiteracy which resulted in high numbers of assisted voters in the ward. Assisted Voting, Intimidation or Violence
Voters being turned away Harare 31.07.2013 - 15:33 Another electorate at Malindela Primary School could not cast a vote after experiencing problems with cutoff date. Turned Away at Polling Station
Not registered in Harare Harare 02.07.2013 - 01:18 Not registered in Harare Voters' Roll Errors
Name not appearing on voters' roll. It was deleted. Masvingo 04.07.2013 - 02:00 I have been a registered voter for quite a long time but surprisingly my name is not appearing on the voters' roll. Voters' Roll Errors
Voter feedback Mberengwa 31.07.2013 - 12:37 Voting in Mberengwa north going peaceful but frought with problems. 3 police officers seated in polling room and assisting special voters to vote. Two elderly pple bring zanu pf cards to vote Irregularities in Voting Process, Assisted Voting
Bias in polling officer recruitment Masvingo 26.07.2013 - 15:21 PTUZ Masvingo provincial chair investigating suspected deliberate omission of its members on recruitment of polling officers. Monitors/Agents
Voter feedback Zaka 31.07.2013 - 12:18 In Zaka voting going wl no long qeue where i voted St Anthony bt long one in Jerera my dead sister stil on the roll from 2000 , Irregularities in Voting Process
teachers forced to wear ZANU-PF regalia Chipinge 22.07.2013 - 12:52 All teachers in ward 15 in Chipinge district are forced to wear Zanu pf party regalia. Intimidation or Violence, Campaign materials/regalia, Forced Political Participation
Missing name Kambuzuma, Harare 09.07.2013 - 13:35 I have been voting since 1980.Currently My name is not recognized on this system. My ID is xx - xxxxxx-x-xx. Voting constituency is Kambuzuma. Voters' Roll Errors
Wrong constituency Harare 07.07.2013 - 03:33 Wrongly registered address Voters' Roll Errors
Not registered Kwekwe 05.07.2013 - 14:25 I am not on on the voter's roll. ID number xx-xxxxxx-xxx Voters' Roll Errors
Police presence at polling station Gweru 31.07.2013 - 12:35 Gweru,too many police officers at poling stations Irregularities in Voting Process
un registered Gweru 23.07.2013 - 15:22 what bothers me is that there are high school students who were at school during the mobile reg period,and are just closing to vote,but how will they vote when they did not register Voters' Roll Errors
Intimidation Mutoko 30.07.2013 - 18:21 On the 28th of July 2013, a group of ZANU-PF supporters led by war veterans identified as Mwale, Matamba, Patrick Kanovheti and the district chairperson Smart Kazingizi forced people to attend meetings held at Chitangazuva Business Centre, Nyamuvhivhi Primary School and Janhi Business Centre. At the meeting, people's names were taken down in the order that they are expected to go and vote on 31 July. Each person was told the specific polling station that they are expected to vote. Intimidation or Violence
Wrong constituency Johannesburg 02.07.2013 - 15:57 I have never resided or worked in Hatfield but I have been registered there for some reason. Voters' Roll Errors
Ballot Box Irregularities Harare 31.07.2013 - 20:06 Irregularities with the arrangement of the Charumara Primary School Polling Station. A ZEC official at the Charumara Primary School Polling Station was sitting too close to the presidential ballot box. This box was on the floor, instead of on the table.? Irregularities in Voting Process
Wrong Constituency Bulawayo 22.07.2013 - 03:03 My Name Now appears in xxxxxxxxx xxxxxxx Constituency xxx and this is a huge fraud. I have never set foot in that part of the country and I left Zimbabwe 10 years ago. I was born and Bred In Masvingo but worked and lived only in Bulawayo and that is where I registered last I do not think that this is a mistake. I strongly believe this is part of the rigging process and I am not the only one. They will be putting people to vote in my name when I am not there. That shows how desperate they are Who can help us stop this before its too late Voters' Roll Errors
Not registered Mandara, Harare 03.07.2013 - 15:31 I am not listed on the voters roll as I think I was classified as an alien (born in S.A.)in the 2008 elections despite the fact that my I.D. classifies me as a citizen. I have been in this country since 1948 and have sworn allegiance under the current government on 5 occasions since 1983. I have voted in all elections before 2008. Voters' Roll Errors
Polling station opened late Harare 17.07.2013 - 18:12 Centenary High School polling station commenced the voting process at 1210hrs and at St Albert's centre it started at 1410hrs. Special Voting Exercise discrepancies
Intimidation and proposed violence Zvimba 31.07.2013 - 15:47 On the evening of the 29th of July 2013, a group of ZANU-PF activists went around the ward singing revolutionary songs and threatening people. They were saying that there will be war in the country if ZANU-PF loses the election. Intimidation or Violence
Forced block voting Shamva 31.07.2013 - 10:05 In Shamva South headman are forcing their villagers to vote as a block. They are recorded names and id numbers. Intimidation or Violence, Forced Political Participation, Voter ID recording
Zanu PF youths are terrorising vendors at Budiriro 1 shops Budiriro 26.07.2013 - 19:26 Zanu PF youths are terrorising vendors at Budiriro 1 shops Intimidation or Violence
door-to-door ID recording in Budiriro 5 5th Avenue, Harare 26.07.2013 - 11:35 Vanhu vezanu varikufamba muBudiriro 5 door by door vachitsvaga vanhu vakaregesterea muBudiriro. Kana vavuwana varikuda zita neID number. (People from Zanu are going door-to-door in Budiriro 5, looking for people who have registered to vote. When they find them, they are asking for their names and ID numbers). Intimidation or Violence, Campaign materials/regalia, Voter ID recording
Intimidation Ward 27, Muzarabani 31.07.2013 - 15:07 At a polling station at Machaya Primary School, Godfrey Magaya is intimidating voters in the queue. He is telling people that they will be beaten up if ZANU-PF loses the election. Intimidation or Violence, Irregularities in Voting Process
Voter fraud in Mutasa North Mutasa North 31.07.2013 - 18:08 Nyanga On election day I was given a lift by a gentlemen who actually told us that they were travelling to a constituency in Nyanga, somewhere near Hauna, to enable people they had bussed to vote. He said they had bused 4000 people from Bulawayo, Gweru and Harare. My question was how could these people have managed to register in a constituency they do not live, when we had failed to register in Harare. I stay in a new suburb with more than 50000 people, but only two days were alloted by the registrar and only 600 people managed to register. What I suspect is that it could not be possible to bus such a number, but what could have happened is that the people could have been registered secretly, being represented by a few individuals. That is the result of some secret polling stations which could be even in certain individuals homes. Irregularities in Voting Process, Voters' Roll Errors, Voter Fraud
Slow voting Epworth 31.07.2013 - 16:53 Zec not ready only 20 pple voted this first hour zvakaoma. Is this go slow. Epworth Irregularities in Voting Process
Zanu PF intimidation... Source: ZEW Harare 26.07.2013 - 23:03 Villagers in the Zhuwawo village of Mudzi West have reported worsening levels of intimidation by notorious ZANU PF member, George Katsande - son of Mudzi West MP Acquilinah Katsande - who is known for his violent attacks against perceived opponents of his party. Intimidation or Violence
Not on voters roll Harare 03.07.2013 - 03:21 I last voted in 2002 and my name has mysteriously disappeared from the roll. Is everyone expected to register every time they vote? Voters' Roll Errors
Rigging- I did not register! Harare 09.07.2013 - 13:37 I did not register. I have been out of Zimbabwe for over 10 years and never voted in zim but I just saw my name registered in Harare East Voter Fraud
Not Registered Arcturus Road, Harare 19.07.2013 - 15:22 Mrs April Thompson ID xxxxxx DOB 17/04/54 Makoni (Rusape)Zimbabwe Registered in Goromonzi District Voters' Roll Errors
Name missing from voters role Harare 24.07.2013 - 15:21 Name: xxxx xxxxxxx I voted in the last elections but according to your web site I do not appear to be registered any more? Cell No. xxxxxxx Voters' Roll Errors
Students in political t-shirt... Source: ZIm Voices Election 2013 Harare 26.07.2013 - 23:34 A form four student at a High School in Bikita South was denied his right to education by the Headmaster. He was expelled from school after he was found wearing an MDC T t-shirt inside his school shirt Intimidation or Violence
wrong constituency Harare 06.07.2013 - 15:57 registered, but wrong constituency. Voters' Roll Errors
Intimidation Zvimba 31.07.2013 - 13:24 On 30 July 2013, in Magunje village, MDC-T polling agents stationed at Dixie Primary school were barred from going to Dixie shopping centre by unidentified ZANU-PF youths. Intimidation or Violence
Voting feedback Dzivarasekwa 31.07.2013 - 12:27 Zanu ferying people to less congested poling station within ward dzivarasekwa extensiom truckload now of to muzinda paye pa macheso Irregularities in Voting Process
Not Registered Harare 11.07.2013 - 15:56 Have been voting before and l last voted on the constitution referendum but l did not see my name on the voter's roll. My ID NO. xx-xxxxxx-x-xx. Voters' Roll Errors
Just made my mark towards my granddaughters' fut Harare Central 31.07.2013 - 20:08 Just made my mark towards my granddaughters' future - voted ward 6 Harare central. At least 3 people turned away their names not appearing in voters' roll - sad! Turned Away at Polling Station