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Not credible: Zimbabwe's 2013 election results marred by fraud 

Zimbabwe has been praised for holding 'peaceful' elections on the 31 July this year, and it is true that the polls were calm in comparison to the terrible violence seen in 2008. But it hides an ugly truth that intimidation prevailed, impacting on the right of citizens to vote freely for a party of their choice, along with a calculated strategy to skew the result to the advantage of the Zanu PF party. Mugabe and Zanu PF can only be celebrated as true credible winners - therefore justifiable leaders of Zimbabwe - if their victory was determined by free and fair elections. We don't know what the result of a free and fair election would be in Zimbabwe, because we have not seen one. We believe that the results declared by the Zimbabwe Election Commission (ZEC) cannot be viewed as either credible or legitimate for a variety of reasons, which we chronicle on this page. 

Not credible: Zimbabwe's 2013 election results marred by fraud

Missing Voters' roll at the heart of the fraud

Size of Zimbabwe voters roll Sample from roll showing duplicated names MDC-T withdraws petition MDC-T withdraws petition
The size of Zimbabwe's voters' roll in hard copy Sample of voters' roll showing duplicated names Page 1 of MDC-T petition affidavit withdrawing challenge Page 2 of MDC-T petition affidavit withdrawing challenge

[Click images above to enlarge

Zimbabwe's voters' roll takes center stage in allegations of fraud. Zimbabwe's law preserves the right for all parties and candidates to have a searchable electronic version of the voters' roll in reasonable time before elections. More than two weeks after the elections, nobody has seen an electronic copy of the voters' roll. (Note: This was not the only law broken). Prior to the elections the Zimbabwe Electoral Commission (ZEC) claimed there were logistical problems with issuing a copy in electronic format. This claim is utterly absurd given the ease of electronic communication, leaving reasonable people with the only conclusion possible; namely, deliberate obstruction by ZEC.

The MDC-T received a hard-copy of the voters' roll at 4pm on the day of the elections itself. But the size of the document - delivered in print and when the polls had almost concluded - provided little means for them to conduct proper analysis. This is an insult to justice. Nevertheless, a sample - based on one constituency - was provided to the media a few days before 31 July by one party, and it demonstrated many names duplicated with minor changes made to details (see sample released to the media here). This, it was concluded, would allow people to vote more than once for a party, and testimony from Zimbabweans on election day supports this assumption (see section below). That party was Zanu PF. The MDC-T also claimed it found 838,000 entries with the same name, address and date of birth but different ID number, 350,000 people who are more than 85 years old and 109,000 aged over 100 - including a 135-year-old army officer. 

In addition to these possible errors (which ZEC's refusal to disclose the voters' roll doesn't allow to be proven or disproven), the entire registration process leading up to the elections was hampered by criticism. Sokwanele monitors Zimbabwe's compliance with SADC electoral guidelines and all four issues of our Zimbabwe Election Watch (ZEW) project reports (see Issues 1, 2, 3 and 4 here) were dominated by registration irregularities, to the point it was becoming farcical and glaringly obvious that things were seriously amiss (view the variety of problems plauging the registration process here - filter on SADC clause 4.1.3). 

The absence of the voters' roll has also prevented parties from challenging the results of the election in court: the MDC-T today (16 August 2013) withdrew its challenge because, without a copy of the roll which it still does not possess, it was unable to conduct the type of analyses required to form the basis of its challenge (click on thumbnails above to view the petition the MDC-T submitted). This means that the justice system has failed again; it means that the laws designed to protect democracy have failed because other laws also intended to protect democracy have been deliberately flouted.

This, as well as all the other evidence outlined on this page, is why Sokwanele believes that the results of the 2013 polls cannot be deemed fair or free (people can only vote if they are properly registered) - and therefore they are not credible We find it astonishing that anyone - let alone leaders of States whose role it is is to ensure the will of the people prevails - can turn a blind eye to the array of outrages that have occurred in our country with regards the 2013 polls.

Video testimony of fraud, harassment, and violence

Violations of Zimbabwe's constitution and rule of law

Zimbabwe's constitution and our rule of law have both been abused, we believe, to pave the way for fraud. The details in this section pertain to all parties and candidates, and have been extracted from a detailed report published by David Coltart - constitutional lawyer and outgoing Minister of Education (read the full report here). To view details on how the law was broken, please click on the title to expose more.

Implausible results


No presidential results in 2013

ZEC claim that Robert Mugabe secured 61% of the vote to resoundingly win the Presidential vote. Why were results not released by constituency? They were in 2008.

National Assembly

2013 - House of Assembly Results

ZEC claim Zanu PF secured more than 2/3 of the seats in Parliament (enough to change Zimbabwe's constitution), including in areas traditionally hostile to Zanu PF. Use our maps to compare results between 2008 and 2013. 

Margin of Victory

Margin of Victory - 2013

The ZEC results claim implausibly wide margins of victory for Zanu PF accross most of the nation - more than 40% margin for most seats. Use our maps to compare results between 2008 and 2013. 

Explore results via a dynamic table interface

Interactive table of results

Explore results using our interactive table, which will allow you to compare results between 2008 and 2013 accross participating parties. Highlight results by margin of victory as well. Plausible? We don't think so.

Crowdsourced Testimony

Crowdsourced testimony

The details provided in our table of crowdsourced information is browsable, by location, here.

Crowdsourced testimony from Zimbabweans

The testimony detailed below is crowdsourced information submitted by ordinary Zimbabweans in their own words. It formed the basis of this map here. Please submit a report of fraud by clicking this link. We will include your words in the table below. You can do this anonymously.

901 rows
Title Incident Location Reported/Incident Date Incident Description Incident Category
Missing names on voters roll Pumula, Bulawayo 31.07.2013 - 11:43 Rate of missing names on voters roll alarming in Pumula constituency. Turned Away at Polling Station
registered to vote but out of the country Harare 22.07.2013 - 15:57 SURNAME: xxxxx FIRST NAME: xxxxxx DATE OF BIRTH: xx/xx/xxxx ID NUMBER: xx-xxxxxx-x-xx WARD NUMBER: x CONSTITUENCY: xxxxxx CONSTITUENCY NUMBER: xxx is still registered as above but will not vote as he is living and working outside the country. same with xxxxx xxxxxx, DOB xx.xx.xx Voters' Roll Errors
Ballot Box Irregularities Harare 31.07.2013 - 20:06 Irregularities with the arrangement of the Charumara Primary School Polling Station. A ZEC official at the Charumara Primary School Polling Station was sitting too close to the presidential ballot box. This box was on the floor, instead of on the table.? Irregularities in Voting Process
Mobile Voter Exercise Chaotic Bulawayo 26.07.2013 - 22:41 Bulawayo residents have expressed concern over lack of adequate information and publicity from the Registrar General's Office on the mobile voter registration exercise. The program, expected to facilitate the registration of voters, especially those previously designated as 'aliens', is being hampered by administrative shortcomings, as Provincial administrative offices said they have not received communication from their bosses in Harare that the so-called aliens can now register as voters. City resident William Sithole, who went to Iminyela Hall to register Monday, said there hasn't been adequate publicity on the exercise to ensure citizens use this opportunity to register or check the voter's roll for their names. Voters' Roll Errors
Postivie and Negative events Chinanza 31.07.2013 - 20:14 July 31, 2013 1:31 PMAt around 1pm 164 females and 204 males have voted at chemhanza stadium in glen view south constituency 85 people have been turned away because their names are not found in the voters roll. Turned Away at Polling Station
Voter Manipulation Makoni 31.07.2013 - 14:51 How can this be on earth. A mind boggling development is unfolding @ Sanzaguru Secondary in Makoni West. There is a long snaking queue of youthful male voters only, who are suspected to be military recruits from the adjacent 32 Infantry Battalion. No civilians or women are voting at the centre raising fears that the point may have been quarantined to see how the small boys would have voted. Irregularities in Voting Process
Registered voter fails to vote Central Railway 31.07.2013 - 20:06 July 31, 2013 3:17 PM I am 47 yrs and registered voter since 1985 and had been voting since.failed today as name was not on the roll at marondera central constituency in ward 11 where l last voted. dejected. Turned Away at Polling Station
Voter Fraud Harare 11.07.2013 - 20:24 I have been in UK since Nov 1999 & I just saw my name on voters roll ( I hope no Party can use my name as Their member/ as their supporter? Voter Fraud
Violence and Intimidation Zvimba 31.07.2013 - 13:15 On the 30th of July 2013, Alefa Muyeza an aspiring ZANU-PF councillor forced people to attend meetings at Cleeve farm (next to Chisungala polling station) and Muveya village. At the meeting, ZANU-PF activists were distributing foodstuffs, cups and plates that had ZANU-PF logos. At the meetings, Muyeza threatened to kill all MDC-T polling agents. This forced some MDC polling agents to withdraw from representing their party in the area. Intimidation or Violence, Forced Political Participation
voter fraud Bulawayo 04.07.2013 - 01:49 I am a zimbabwean. i leave in uk since 2002. i last registered to vote in1995. i could not vote in 2008 because i was toid i was not registered. now my name is on the voter register. Voter Fraud
Violence Bindura 30.07.2013 - 18:19 On the 26th of July 2013, a ZANU PF supporter identified as Shingi Masawi was seen tearing down MDC T posters in the area. Intimidation or Violence
Intimidation Ward 31, Mount Darwin 31.07.2013 - 15:26 Today in Kambanje village, Chief Chiswiti held a meeting where he told villagers that he is going to assault xxxxx xxxxx this evening. xxxxx is an aspiring MDC-T councillor. Intimidation or Violence
NOT REGISTERED Bulawayo 19.07.2013 - 12:59 i.d. Voters' Roll Errors
Voter feedback Harare 31.07.2013 - 13:02 Town house in city center,,the line is not moving...its too slow Irregularities in Voting Process
Spouses of police masquerading Chitungwiza 17.07.2013 - 15:42 In Goromonzi, spouses of police masquerading as police officers RDC were being allowed to cast their ballots. Special Voting Exercise discrepancies
Voters being turned away Bulawayo 31.07.2013 - 15:30 At Bulawayo Polytechnic polling station, two people who had slips and national identity cards were turned away because their names were not appearing on the voters roll and they were told to go to the command centre. Turned Away at Polling Station
Voting feedback Chiredzi 31.07.2013 - 12:29 You a forced 2 give Zanu pf officials yor name and cell number after voting.ward 3 Chiredzi.its for easy tracing after result Voter ID recording
Voter fraud Zaka 04.07.2013 - 15:30 My name appears on a voter's roll but I NEVER registered to vote Voter Fraud
Too long voting queues which will b possible to Beitbridge 31.07.2013 - 19:13 Too long voting queues which will b possible to finish them by 7 at Beitbridge Irregularities in Voting Process
Delayed ballot papers Matabeleland North 17.07.2013 - 15:01 All the districts, save for Umguza, had not received their ballot papers by 1650 hrs Sunday. Special Voting Exercise discrepancies
Out of Country Harare 31.07.2013 - 03:48 I am out of the Country and unable to vote, although it seems I am registered! Voters' Roll Errors
Did not register but registered. Harare 31.07.2013 - 03:28 Did not register but registered. Voters' Roll Errors
Not registered Harare 02.07.2013 - 15:01 I cant find my Name and ID in your system. Voters' Roll Errors
wrong constituency Harare 03.07.2013 - 03:54 I have just found out that my name is registered to vote in Marondera West Constituency. The thing is i have never lived in Marondera West and i come from Mhondoro Mubaira. Also i currently live in the United Kingdom since 2002 and i wonder how and why my name should be appearing in a constituency i have never lived or voted in before. I guess im not the only one whose name will be used fraudulently and if i were to want to vote my name wouldnt be found in the constituency where i am supposed to vote , thereby by denied the right to exercise my constitutional right. Voters' Roll Errors
I've been removed! Gweru 29.06.2013 - 03:42 I have voted in every election since 1980 and have not changed my address since then, yet I do not appear on the voters roll!! Voters' Roll Errors
In Beitbridge ward four Queue hayiite. Something Beitbridge 31.07.2013 - 20:54 In Beitbridge ward four Queue hayiite. Something has to be done or else we fail 2 vote. Am number 1815 and the person who has just voted was no 3 hundrf smthng . Irregularities in Voting Process
Shamva south people are being t Shamva 31.07.2013 - 13:48 Shamva south people are being told to say they cannot write. Zanu PF is mad! Assisted Voting
Political Party agents intimidated Zvimba 29.07.2013 - 23:20 Political party Agents in Zvimba North, Ward 18 intimidated. Intimidation or Violence
non voter Mutare 11.07.2013 - 13:16 name removed from roll. Renounced brot cit in 1984. held zimp/port since. argued class case in 2002 for reinstatement in Mutare court. loast. appealed to Registrar & successful in appeal but now removed again. lived same address since 1975 but not allowed either under 10 year residence. have no p/port at all now. stateless??????? Voters' Roll Errors
Wrong constituency Norton 04.07.2013 - 15:37 I have reregistared Voters' Roll Errors
Violence Zvishavane 30.07.2013 - 18:31 On the 28th of July 2013, Chief Mafala called for a public meeting where he introduced John Honder an aspiring ZANU-PF Member of Parliament candidate for Zvishavane Ngezi constituency. After the introductions, the MDC-T activists left the meeting citing that they cannot attend a ZANU-PF meeting. ZANU-PF youths followed them to Ndimaneni Business Centre where they clashed and started fighting each other. Later that evening, 8 ZANU-PF youths including Mafios Dhlamini, Josephat Dhlamini, Bernard Dhlamini, George Dhlamini and two unidentified men who claimed to be policemen went to houses of Charumbira, Dhlamini, Matse, Mpofu and Dlodlo (who are MDC supporters) in Ndimaneni village and assaulted everyone present. The victims fled to a nearby forest where they spent the night. The matter was reported to Zvishavane police station and investigations are still underway. The victims have since sought alternative shelter somewhere in Zvishavane. Intimidation or Violence
Intimidation Ward 31, Gokwe 31.07.2013 - 15:21 On the 28th of July in Kabuyani village, a group of 8 ZANU-PF supporters identified as Lovemore Muzondiwa, Maturure, Zviwanza, Concern, Bisham Nyobo, Manjengwa, Stanley Yakani and Chief Samuchembo, went around the village confiscating MDC-T regalia. They were also telling MDC-T activists that they will be beaten after the election run off. Intimidation or Violence
In Glen View very slow Glen View 31.07.2013 - 15:41 In Glen View very slow Irregularities in Voting Process
Special Priviledges given to Zanu PF at polling stations Muzarabani 31.07.2013 - 23:39 MANYAYA POLLING STATION MAZARABANI NORTH - ZANU PF VOTERS BEING ALLOWED TO REGISTER IN THE POLLING STATION ON MORNING OF VOTE. Irregularities in Voting Process
WRONG CONSTITUENCY Courtney Selous Primary school 30.06.2013 - 15:18 I have registered at Greendale Courtney Primary School on the 22nd June 2013.Why am I still in Harare Central? My number is XXXXX Voters' Roll Errors
Cops bused in to vote Strathaven Shopping Centre, Harare 31.07.2013 - 16:53 Bus full of shaven head young men at strathaven polling station, presume cops. Have reported this to the mp Monitors/Agents, Irregularities in Voting Process
people outside our community voting Chishingwi Primary school Marange Mutare 05.08.2013 - 15:06 on the 31st of July In Chishingwi Primary school Marange district (Mutare south) buses come with people who we do not even know their faces and they were allowed to vote five to six buses Voter Fraud, Irregularities in Voting Process
My name is appearing in wrong constituency Bindura 182A Unit F seke Chitungwiza 29.06.2013 - 23:09 I am a Diesel and motor mechanic Voters' Roll Errors
Intimidation Ward 4, Mutoko 31.07.2013 - 15:18 On the 29th of July 2013, Headman Michael Mandebvu called for a meeting where he was intimidating people. At the meeting, he informed people that on the 31st of July they must all meet at his homestead then go to vote in the company of their respective village heads. He said this will be done to ensure that nobody votes for MDC-T. Intimidation or Violence
Polling station irregularities Zhombe 31.07.2013 - 20:06 Studio 7 34m Zhombe Ward 32- people made to gather first then proceed to polling stations 6:09 PM - 31 Jul 13 Forced Political Participation
Poor voter registration Epworth 08.07.2013 - 12:04 I was not happy with the way people were being registered at Epworth Secondary School. The line was not even moving i just wanted to check my name but was told to join the same que with people who wanted to register for the first time.I asked the Officer why they were doing that because the lines were supposed to be three, one for IDs,the other one for First time voters and the other one for checking and he said they were operating according to instructions. Slow Registration Process
Registered gain but not on your list Bulawayo 04.07.2013 - 15:09 I went to Moray School and checked that I am on the roll. the details should be on your voters' roll as well, together with the names of my four children, Michael, Daniel, Paulette and Desmond. Only Desmond will be here to vote. Voters' Roll Errors
Domestic workers registered at Admiral Tait scho Harare 01.08.2013 - 10:00 Domestic workers registered at Admiral Tait school but when trying to vote yesterday they couldn't find their names so couldn't vote yesterday. Same situation for a number of people . Turned Away at Polling Station
Intimidation Harare 30.07.2013 - 20:18 Buhera South Ward 19 On the 26th of July 2013, a group of ZANU-PF supporters led by headsman Edmore Kowanai, a soldier, Peter Nendanga and a war veteran, Samido Dominic forced villagers to attend their party meeting. The meeting was addressed by war veteran Joseph Chinotimba who stated that on the 31st of July, all well known MDC- T supporters should have their hands bandaged so that they are assisted to vote by ZANU-PF supporters. Harare South On the 27th of July, a pro ZANU- PF soldier identified as Brian who resides at Hopley Farm assaulted Roddie Jumbo for wearing MDC- T regalia. The incident occurred at Anthony's bar where Jumbo is employed as a bar tender. Intimidation or Violence
WRONG CONSTITUENCY Courtney Selous Primary school 30.06.2013 - 15:28 I registered at Courtney Primary School in Greendale on the 22nd June 2013. However I am appearing on Harare Central Constituency. Voters' Roll Errors
Contradictory information about count from polling agent Nyanga North 31.07.2013 - 15:02 A polling agent, a zanu agent, said as ballots were being counted nearly midnight they were told kuti zanu has lost from macouncillors to the president but to everyone's surprise in the morning ZANU had won mysteriously at all levels. Monitors/Agents, Voter Fraud
FAILED TO REGISTER Harare 04.07.2013 - 14:29 so many people are being turned away while trying to register or changing Id from Alien to Citizen the reason being that at Employment Centre they only save 120 people and at Makombe they save 250 people. Even if you try to be there by 4.30 am you wont be able to be save as some people will have slept there.In our areas we have also failed to register because we are so many and the officers are very few to cater for the people in only 3 days. PLEASE MAY YOU DO SOMETHING TO ENABLE EVERYONE TO VOTE. Voters' Roll Errors
MDC T polling agents kicked out of polling stations Mount Darwin 01.08.2013 - 00:04 MOUNT DARWIN WEST - ZEC PRESIDING OFFICERS AT BINGA PRIMARY AND KUHONDO PRIMARY HAVE KICKED THE MDC T POLLING AGENTS OUT OF POLLING STATIONS AND WON'T ALLOW THEM WITHIN 300 METERS Monitors/Agents, Irregularities in Voting Process
I m at mbafa wd 20 chegutu east Chegutu 31.07.2013 - 16:11 I m at mbafa wd 20 chegutu east voting is ok but assisting is a problem here Assisted Voting