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Not credible: Zimbabwe's 2013 election results marred by fraud 

Zimbabwe has been praised for holding 'peaceful' elections on the 31 July this year, and it is true that the polls were calm in comparison to the terrible violence seen in 2008. But it hides an ugly truth that intimidation prevailed, impacting on the right of citizens to vote freely for a party of their choice, along with a calculated strategy to skew the result to the advantage of the Zanu PF party. Mugabe and Zanu PF can only be celebrated as true credible winners - therefore justifiable leaders of Zimbabwe - if their victory was determined by free and fair elections. We don't know what the result of a free and fair election would be in Zimbabwe, because we have not seen one. We believe that the results declared by the Zimbabwe Election Commission (ZEC) cannot be viewed as either credible or legitimate for a variety of reasons, which we chronicle on this page. 

Not credible: Zimbabwe's 2013 election results marred by fraud

Missing Voters' roll at the heart of the fraud

Size of Zimbabwe voters roll Sample from roll showing duplicated names MDC-T withdraws petition MDC-T withdraws petition
The size of Zimbabwe's voters' roll in hard copy Sample of voters' roll showing duplicated names Page 1 of MDC-T petition affidavit withdrawing challenge Page 2 of MDC-T petition affidavit withdrawing challenge

[Click images above to enlarge

Zimbabwe's voters' roll takes center stage in allegations of fraud. Zimbabwe's law preserves the right for all parties and candidates to have a searchable electronic version of the voters' roll in reasonable time before elections. More than two weeks after the elections, nobody has seen an electronic copy of the voters' roll. (Note: This was not the only law broken). Prior to the elections the Zimbabwe Electoral Commission (ZEC) claimed there were logistical problems with issuing a copy in electronic format. This claim is utterly absurd given the ease of electronic communication, leaving reasonable people with the only conclusion possible; namely, deliberate obstruction by ZEC.

The MDC-T received a hard-copy of the voters' roll at 4pm on the day of the elections itself. But the size of the document - delivered in print and when the polls had almost concluded - provided little means for them to conduct proper analysis. This is an insult to justice. Nevertheless, a sample - based on one constituency - was provided to the media a few days before 31 July by one party, and it demonstrated many names duplicated with minor changes made to details (see sample released to the media here). This, it was concluded, would allow people to vote more than once for a party, and testimony from Zimbabweans on election day supports this assumption (see section below). That party was Zanu PF. The MDC-T also claimed it found 838,000 entries with the same name, address and date of birth but different ID number, 350,000 people who are more than 85 years old and 109,000 aged over 100 - including a 135-year-old army officer. 

In addition to these possible errors (which ZEC's refusal to disclose the voters' roll doesn't allow to be proven or disproven), the entire registration process leading up to the elections was hampered by criticism. Sokwanele monitors Zimbabwe's compliance with SADC electoral guidelines and all four issues of our Zimbabwe Election Watch (ZEW) project reports (see Issues 1, 2, 3 and 4 here) were dominated by registration irregularities, to the point it was becoming farcical and glaringly obvious that things were seriously amiss (view the variety of problems plauging the registration process here - filter on SADC clause 4.1.3). 

The absence of the voters' roll has also prevented parties from challenging the results of the election in court: the MDC-T today (16 August 2013) withdrew its challenge because, without a copy of the roll which it still does not possess, it was unable to conduct the type of analyses required to form the basis of its challenge (click on thumbnails above to view the petition the MDC-T submitted). This means that the justice system has failed again; it means that the laws designed to protect democracy have failed because other laws also intended to protect democracy have been deliberately flouted.

This, as well as all the other evidence outlined on this page, is why Sokwanele believes that the results of the 2013 polls cannot be deemed fair or free (people can only vote if they are properly registered) - and therefore they are not credible We find it astonishing that anyone - let alone leaders of States whose role it is is to ensure the will of the people prevails - can turn a blind eye to the array of outrages that have occurred in our country with regards the 2013 polls.

Video testimony of fraud, harassment, and violence

Violations of Zimbabwe's constitution and rule of law

Zimbabwe's constitution and our rule of law have both been abused, we believe, to pave the way for fraud. The details in this section pertain to all parties and candidates, and have been extracted from a detailed report published by David Coltart - constitutional lawyer and outgoing Minister of Education (read the full report here). To view details on how the law was broken, please click on the title to expose more.

Implausible results


No presidential results in 2013

ZEC claim that Robert Mugabe secured 61% of the vote to resoundingly win the Presidential vote. Why were results not released by constituency? They were in 2008.

National Assembly

2013 - House of Assembly Results

ZEC claim Zanu PF secured more than 2/3 of the seats in Parliament (enough to change Zimbabwe's constitution), including in areas traditionally hostile to Zanu PF. Use our maps to compare results between 2008 and 2013. 

Margin of Victory

Margin of Victory - 2013

The ZEC results claim implausibly wide margins of victory for Zanu PF accross most of the nation - more than 40% margin for most seats. Use our maps to compare results between 2008 and 2013. 

Explore results via a dynamic table interface

Interactive table of results

Explore results using our interactive table, which will allow you to compare results between 2008 and 2013 accross participating parties. Highlight results by margin of victory as well. Plausible? We don't think so.

Crowdsourced Testimony

Crowdsourced testimony

The details provided in our table of crowdsourced information is browsable, by location, here.

Crowdsourced testimony from Zimbabweans

The testimony detailed below is crowdsourced information submitted by ordinary Zimbabweans in their own words. It formed the basis of this map here. Please submit a report of fraud by clicking this link. We will include your words in the table below. You can do this anonymously.

901 rows
Title Incident Location Reported/Incident Date Incident Description Incident Category
change of location Harare 01.07.2013 - 13:51 i now stay ion harare,waterfalls Voters' Roll Errors
voter fraud Harare 22.07.2013 - 12:36 i havent registered to vote. the time i went to my nearest registrar general office i was denied access to register. but what surprised me is when i checked my i.d number on this website, i found that i was registered to vote in masvingo whilist i stay in harare. Voter Fraud
Zanu PF supporters still coming in to vote Goromonzi 31.07.2013 - 21:32 14hrs Truckloads of ZANU PF supporters in party regalia still coming in to VOTE in Goromonzi South,Mash East 7:14 PM - 31 Jul 13 Campaign materials/regalia
Still on Voters roll Masvingo 25.07.2013 - 13:29 Hi,my name is xxxxxxx xxxxxx in xxxxxx,I last registered and voted only in 1995 in masvingo urban,I followed the link and m in voters roll,m I used as ghost voter? Voter Fraud
Slow voting Epworth 31.07.2013 - 16:53 Zec not ready only 20 pple voted this first hour zvakaoma. Is this go slow. Epworth Irregularities in Voting Process
I an in Norton . Voting is goin Norton 31.07.2013 - 17:16 I an in Norton . Voting is going smonthly but the process is very slow in some places hope every one who want to vote will cast his or her vote today. Irregularities in Voting Process
Forced removal of MDC posters from shops at Nerupiri Business Centre Gutu 26.07.2013 - 12:29 Zanu PF is forcing business people to remove MDC-T posters from the walls of their shops in Gutu South at Nerupiri Business Centre, and threatening people saying they must vote for Zanu PF because there will be a computer inside the ballot box recording the names of people voting for MDC-T and those people will be beaten at the time of re-run. Intimidation or Violence, Campaign materials/regalia
I am in Mutare, Dangamvura many Dangamvura, Mutare 31.07.2013 - 17:57 I am in Mutare, Dangamvura many people did not vote, their names where not found in the voters' roll. People are really disapointed and hurt. Turned Away at Polling Station
ZRP Demanding cellphones Bulawayo 29.07.2013 - 23:10 ZRP Hillside are demanding to see people's cellphones checking for political materials ,a lady was arrested for having a political joke on whatsapp. Intimidation or Violence, Irregularities in Voting Process
Wrong constituency Harare 15.07.2013 - 12:56 I inspected the voter's role and I'm in the wrong constituency Voters' Roll Errors
women threatened with beating if they do not attend ZANU rally Hippo Valley 22.07.2013 - 12:48 Ndirikuona mai veZanu mai Sengerai vachifamba vachikorokodza madzimai eChishamiso Hippo Valley Chiredzi vachiti hendei tinozorabwa kurally (In Hippo Valley, Chiredzi I am witnessing a Zanu member Mrs Sengerai encouraging all women to go and attend a rally or they will be beaten) Intimidation or Violence, Forced Political Participation
Shamva south people are being t Shamva 31.07.2013 - 13:48 Shamva south people are being told to say they cannot write. Zanu PF is mad! Assisted Voting
Zanu PF youths set militia bases Epworth 29.07.2013 - 22:52 ZANU PF youths in Overspill,Epworth threatened a woman for refusing to allow her children to join other youths at a militia base. Intimidation or Violence
wrong constituency Bulawayo 17.07.2013 - 13:09 I m registered under mangwe district when in fact I used mobile registration to transfer to ward xx bulawayo Voters' Roll Errors
Domestic workers registered at Admiral Tait scho Harare 01.08.2013 - 10:00 Domestic workers registered at Admiral Tait school but when trying to vote yesterday they couldn't find their names so couldn't vote yesterday. Same situation for a number of people . Turned Away at Polling Station
Violence and Intimidation Zvimba 31.07.2013 - 13:16 On the 30th of July 2013, the ward chairperson identified as Mr Chizema led a group of ZANU-PF supporters who went to Komiri Farm compound looking for people who were in possession of MDC-T regalia. They then confiscated the t-shirts and asked the farm owner to follow them to Great Gain resettlement area where Chizema resides. The farm owner was threatened with death if ZANU PF loses the elections, he was later released. Intimidation or Violence, Campaign materials/regalia
Police presence at polling station Gweru 31.07.2013 - 12:35 Gweru,too many police officers at poling stations Irregularities in Voting Process
deceased registered Harare 02.07.2013 - 03:32 newman mlauzi id xxxxx. this deceased is my brother but is still on the voters roll Voters' Roll Errors
Assualt Bindura 30.07.2013 - 20:09 On the 28th of July 2013, Headman Abraham Mhembere assaulted 3 women, xxxxxxxx xxxx and her two friends. They were assaulted for wearing MDC-T regalia. The matter was reported to Bindura Police station but no arrests have been made yet. Intimidation or Violence
Polling station manned by Zanu-PF agent Harare 31.07.2013 - 19:08 In Gwanda, Ward 10, Bar Compound, there was a polling station that was manned by one polling agent, a ZANU-PF agent. The polling station was not listed under a list given to all stakeholders by the Zimbabwe Electoral Commission (ZEC). We informed other political parties in Gwanda and they have since sent their polling agents there. Irregularities in Voting Process
We vote well but the process was too slow,from 6 Mutare 31.07.2013 - 20:10 We vote well but the process was too slow,from 630am to 2pm.hobhse mtre. Irregularities in Voting Process
Misspelt name & wrongful registration Harare 06.07.2013 - 03:37 My name is xxxx xxxx. I inputted my ID out of interests sake. According to the database I am registered to vote in Mount Pleasant. My name was spelt incorrectly, but even more interestingly I have never registered to vote, I tried to, in 2002, but was told I was an alien so could not do so. I want to know who is going to use my vote in the upcoming elections, because I am certainly unable to do so!! Voters' Roll Errors, Voter Fraud
On Voter's Roll yet I didn't register Usa, Michigan 06.08.2013 - 15:16 I am currently not living in Zimbabwe. I am in North America. I checked and saw my name on the voter's roll. Who registered me to vote? My friends also checked and their names appear on the voter's roll yet they never registered to vote and they live here in N.America Voters' Roll Errors
Voter Fraud Harare 15.07.2013 - 01:44 I have been in US since Dec 1999 & I just saw my name on voters roll. Voters' Roll Errors, Voter Fraud
Intimidation Ward 24, Muzarabani 31.07.2013 - 15:30 On the 29th of July 2013, an MDC-T activist identified as xxxxxxxx xxxxx was intimidated by a ZANU-PF activist identified as Mukaro. When he reported the matter to Muzarabani police station, they refused to give him the docket's CRB number. The police officer who was on duty at the time of reporting identified himself as Constable Nyamakava. Intimidation or Violence
Could you clarofy this -am told Gokwe 31.07.2013 - 16:24 Could you clarofy this -am told that at Gokwe. Mapfungautsi ward one voters are getting two ballot papers only excluding that for councilors. ls this in order Irregularities in Voting Process
Politicized police Harare 31.07.2013 - 15:29 know voted at Alex Park Primary School. They using cops to jump the queues. Seems there is an inspector close to the third polling station co-ordinating everything. Seems every 30 mins or so a wave of police arrive to vote. Took me 4 hours to vote. Irregularities in Voting Process
Voted late aftanoon in Chitungwiza, it was fair. Chitungwiza 01.08.2013 - 07:43 Voted late aftanoon in Chitungwiza, it was fair. Was in Shamva paSOS in the morning, unplease a Zanu-PF chair was standing at the corner intimidating voters. He left his monitoring roll in the polling station Intimidation or Violence, Irregularities in Voting Process
Not registered Bulawayo 29.07.2013 - 12:38 My name is not on the roll ID number xxxxxx Voters' Roll Errors
Not registered Bulawayo 29.07.2013 - 03:56 ZEC had a voters' roll at this year's Bulawayo Trade Fair. I checked, and I was on the voters' roll. I also checked at the Registry General in Bulawayo on 23 May, and I was on the roll. But today when I checked on myzimvote, my name no longer appears. Voters' Roll Errors
Wrongly Registered Harare 22.07.2013 - 11:17 ID ) xx-xxxxxxx-x-xx REGISTERED WARD x CONSTITUENCY 16 BUT HAVE BEEN OUT OF THE COUNTY FROM 2001 AND HAVE NEVER RETURNED. Voters' Roll Errors
voter fraud Bulawayo 04.07.2013 - 01:49 I am a zimbabwean. i leave in uk since 2002. i last registered to vote in1995. i could not vote in 2008 because i was toid i was not registered. now my name is on the voter register. Voter Fraud
Name not appearing Bluffhill 30.06.2013 - 15:59 I have voted in 2 previous elections but my name is not appearing. Voters' Roll Errors
Voter Fraud Harare 01.07.2013 - 15:50 I am not staying in Zimbabwe and have been out of Zimbabwe for last 10 year. My name is still on voters roll Voter Fraud
Missing from voters roll Harare 31.07.2013 - 20:06 I have been voting at every election since 2002.I transferred my constituency n I can't be found on the roll 5:29 PM - 31 Jul 13 Turned Away at Polling Station
In Beitbridge ward four Queue hayiite. Something Beitbridge 31.07.2013 - 20:54 In Beitbridge ward four Queue hayiite. Something has to be done or else we fail 2 vote. Am number 1815 and the person who has just voted was no 3 hundrf smthng . Irregularities in Voting Process
Not Registered Harare 01.07.2013 - 00:07 I have discovered l am not registered my ID no is XXXXXXXXX. Voters' Roll Errors
Threats in Chitungwiza Chitungwiza 30.07.2013 - 21:09 Chitungwiza Unit J shops: Zanu PF youths are threatening vakadzi vanoshanda musaloon memunhu weMDC zvanzi takangoona uine ink pamunwe wavhotera MDC so vakutotya kuvhota apo they are registered voters. Intimidation or Violence
My name is listed. I didnt not register to vote. Harare 05.07.2013 - 15:19 Please can I have my name removed from the voter's roll as I did NOT register to vote in the up coming elections. You urgent response to this will be greatly appreciated. Thank you xxxxxx xxxxxxx xx-xxxxxx-x-xx Voters' Roll Errors
illegal campaigning Zvimba 31.07.2013 - 15:14 At Trilon Primary school polling station, a group of ZANU-PF youths led by a chairperson identified as Makey are campaigning less than 200 metres from the polling station. They are handing out ZANU-PF T-shirts and fliers with photos of their candidates. Intimidation or Violence, Irregularities in Voting Process
Voters denied the right to vote Mbizo 31.07.2013 - 19:36 There was chaos at Mbizo 7 Rusununguko polling station as police struggled to control queues of voters who wanted to cast their votes. Some of those in the queue had arrived as early as 4am to cast votes in what has been called a watershed election. Memory Matandare was close to tears after she was turned away because her name did not appear on the voters roll, she then produced her certificate of registration but was again denied the right to vote. Rusununguko turned away five other voters who also produced registration certificates by 9:15 in the morning. Turned Away at Polling Station
Campaigning activities... Source: ZIm Voices Election 2013 Gutu 26.07.2013 - 23:24 We a having a problem in gutu west ward 29 zanu pf supporters tear off mdc papers. Campaign materials/regalia
Registered but in diaspora, also wrong consituency Harare 01.07.2013 - 13:58 Hi, I am in the diaspora and did not travel to Zim to register. However, I found my name (all correct with correct ID number) registered in Mt. Pleasant. The surprising thing is that I don't even live in Mt. Pleasant when I am in Zimbabwe. So who put my name and ID number on the voters' roll, under Mt. Pleasant?? Please help sort this out. Voter Fraud
Deceased relative Greystone Park, Harare 06.07.2013 - 15:50 My mother, xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxx, died in October xxxx, but her name is still on the Harare North voters roll, Ward 18, Constituency number. 078. Almost certainly my father' name will also be on the roll, but I can't check since I don't have his ID number. His names were xxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxxx and he died in October xxxx and would now have been xxx Voters' Roll Errors
Harassment and intimidation Ward 22, Hurungwe 31.07.2013 - 15:45 Today, a war veteran and soldier identified as Jaweti and Mr Madamombe were going around the ward harassing and intimidating people. They also held meetings in Kazangarare, Nyaumbare and Kamutsamombe villages where they told people that all MDC-T activists must declare that they are illiterate so that they will be assisted to vote. They then went on to say that an election run-off is imminent since the 2013 elections will be carried out in the same manner as the 2008 elections. Intimidation or Violence
Denied to vote Harare 31.07.2013 - 15:48 registered, had registration doc/ID - not on voters roll. Went to 2 other polling stations - still not on. Spoke to Observors and showed them slips. Said go to Command Centre. Went there and said can not vote as not on the roll. Turned Away at Polling Station
not registered Napier Avenue, Bulawayo 09.07.2013 - 15:20 my name is not on the voters roll Voters' Roll Errors