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Not credible: Zimbabwe's 2013 election results marred by fraud 

Zimbabwe has been praised for holding 'peaceful' elections on the 31 July this year, and it is true that the polls were calm in comparison to the terrible violence seen in 2008. But it hides an ugly truth that intimidation prevailed, impacting on the right of citizens to vote freely for a party of their choice, along with a calculated strategy to skew the result to the advantage of the Zanu PF party. Mugabe and Zanu PF can only be celebrated as true credible winners - therefore justifiable leaders of Zimbabwe - if their victory was determined by free and fair elections. We don't know what the result of a free and fair election would be in Zimbabwe, because we have not seen one. We believe that the results declared by the Zimbabwe Election Commission (ZEC) cannot be viewed as either credible or legitimate for a variety of reasons, which we chronicle on this page. 

Not credible: Zimbabwe's 2013 election results marred by fraud

Missing Voters' roll at the heart of the fraud

Size of Zimbabwe voters roll Sample from roll showing duplicated names MDC-T withdraws petition MDC-T withdraws petition
The size of Zimbabwe's voters' roll in hard copy Sample of voters' roll showing duplicated names Page 1 of MDC-T petition affidavit withdrawing challenge Page 2 of MDC-T petition affidavit withdrawing challenge

[Click images above to enlarge

Zimbabwe's voters' roll takes center stage in allegations of fraud. Zimbabwe's law preserves the right for all parties and candidates to have a searchable electronic version of the voters' roll in reasonable time before elections. More than two weeks after the elections, nobody has seen an electronic copy of the voters' roll. (Note: This was not the only law broken). Prior to the elections the Zimbabwe Electoral Commission (ZEC) claimed there were logistical problems with issuing a copy in electronic format. This claim is utterly absurd given the ease of electronic communication, leaving reasonable people with the only conclusion possible; namely, deliberate obstruction by ZEC.

The MDC-T received a hard-copy of the voters' roll at 4pm on the day of the elections itself. But the size of the document - delivered in print and when the polls had almost concluded - provided little means for them to conduct proper analysis. This is an insult to justice. Nevertheless, a sample - based on one constituency - was provided to the media a few days before 31 July by one party, and it demonstrated many names duplicated with minor changes made to details (see sample released to the media here). This, it was concluded, would allow people to vote more than once for a party, and testimony from Zimbabweans on election day supports this assumption (see section below). That party was Zanu PF. The MDC-T also claimed it found 838,000 entries with the same name, address and date of birth but different ID number, 350,000 people who are more than 85 years old and 109,000 aged over 100 - including a 135-year-old army officer. 

In addition to these possible errors (which ZEC's refusal to disclose the voters' roll doesn't allow to be proven or disproven), the entire registration process leading up to the elections was hampered by criticism. Sokwanele monitors Zimbabwe's compliance with SADC electoral guidelines and all four issues of our Zimbabwe Election Watch (ZEW) project reports (see Issues 1, 2, 3 and 4 here) were dominated by registration irregularities, to the point it was becoming farcical and glaringly obvious that things were seriously amiss (view the variety of problems plauging the registration process here - filter on SADC clause 4.1.3). 

The absence of the voters' roll has also prevented parties from challenging the results of the election in court: the MDC-T today (16 August 2013) withdrew its challenge because, without a copy of the roll which it still does not possess, it was unable to conduct the type of analyses required to form the basis of its challenge (click on thumbnails above to view the petition the MDC-T submitted). This means that the justice system has failed again; it means that the laws designed to protect democracy have failed because other laws also intended to protect democracy have been deliberately flouted.

This, as well as all the other evidence outlined on this page, is why Sokwanele believes that the results of the 2013 polls cannot be deemed fair or free (people can only vote if they are properly registered) - and therefore they are not credible We find it astonishing that anyone - let alone leaders of States whose role it is is to ensure the will of the people prevails - can turn a blind eye to the array of outrages that have occurred in our country with regards the 2013 polls.

Video testimony of fraud, harassment, and violence

Violations of Zimbabwe's constitution and rule of law

Zimbabwe's constitution and our rule of law have both been abused, we believe, to pave the way for fraud. The details in this section pertain to all parties and candidates, and have been extracted from a detailed report published by David Coltart - constitutional lawyer and outgoing Minister of Education (read the full report here). To view details on how the law was broken, please click on the title to expose more.

Implausible results


No presidential results in 2013

ZEC claim that Robert Mugabe secured 61% of the vote to resoundingly win the Presidential vote. Why were results not released by constituency? They were in 2008.

National Assembly

2013 - House of Assembly Results

ZEC claim Zanu PF secured more than 2/3 of the seats in Parliament (enough to change Zimbabwe's constitution), including in areas traditionally hostile to Zanu PF. Use our maps to compare results between 2008 and 2013. 

Margin of Victory

Margin of Victory - 2013

The ZEC results claim implausibly wide margins of victory for Zanu PF accross most of the nation - more than 40% margin for most seats. Use our maps to compare results between 2008 and 2013. 

Explore results via a dynamic table interface

Interactive table of results

Explore results using our interactive table, which will allow you to compare results between 2008 and 2013 accross participating parties. Highlight results by margin of victory as well. Plausible? We don't think so.

Crowdsourced Testimony

Crowdsourced testimony

The details provided in our table of crowdsourced information is browsable, by location, here.

Crowdsourced testimony from Zimbabweans

The testimony detailed below is crowdsourced information submitted by ordinary Zimbabweans in their own words. It formed the basis of this map here. Please submit a report of fraud by clicking this link. We will include your words in the table below. You can do this anonymously.

901 rows
Title Incident Location Reported/Incident Date Incident Description Incident Category
Intimidation and coercion Ward 24, Zaka 31.07.2013 - 15:40 Today at 09:00 hours, village headsmen identified as Nheya and Chavani went around the ward intimidating and threatening villagers. They were telling people that all those who support MDC-T must ask ZANU- PF supporters to vote on their behalf or they risk losing their lives after the election. Intimidation or Violence
Intimidation Ward 4, Mutoko 31.07.2013 - 15:18 On the 29th of July 2013, Headman Michael Mandebvu called for a meeting where he was intimidating people. At the meeting, he informed people that on the 31st of July they must all meet at his homestead then go to vote in the company of their respective village heads. He said this will be done to ensure that nobody votes for MDC-T. Intimidation or Violence
registered to vote but out of the country Harare 22.07.2013 - 15:57 SURNAME: xxxxx FIRST NAME: xxxxxx DATE OF BIRTH: xx/xx/xxxx ID NUMBER: xx-xxxxxx-x-xx WARD NUMBER: x CONSTITUENCY: xxxxxx CONSTITUENCY NUMBER: xxx is still registered as above but will not vote as he is living and working outside the country. same with xxxxx xxxxxx, DOB xx.xx.xx Voters' Roll Errors
Violence Mount Darwin 31.07.2013 - 12:59 On the 30th of July 2013, a village head only identified as Paraffin and his two accomplices Osten Majichi and Nervous held a meeting in ward 31 and threatened villagers. They told villagers that all MDC-T activists who live in the village will be beaten up if ZANU-PF loses the election. Intimidation or Violence
NOT YET REGISTERED Harare 01.07.2013 - 15:05 I registered on the 17th of May, not yet appearing Voters' Roll Errors
Undenge Intimidates Voters Chimanimani 29.07.2013 - 22:55 Udenge intimidates MDC T voters in Chimanimani East Ward 7 at Mutsamvu polling station telling them that they will be accompanied by a police officer in polling booth to make sure they vote for ZANU PF Intimidation or Violence
Wrong spelling Harare 03.07.2013 - 15:39 I have voted previously with the correct spelling of my surname. Now my check shows my surname is split with the latter half being listed as my Christian name. Voters' Roll Errors
Zanu PF activits tearing MDC-T campaign posters Mutare 29.07.2013 - 23:15 A Zanu PF activist coming from a frog-marched Zanu PF meeting arrived at Matanda Shopping Centre and started tearing MDC-T Presidential campaign posters -Mutare West Constituency Intimidation or Violence
missing information Harare 29.06.2013 - 03:50 Hi I registered as a voter on the 24th of May 2013, at Harare Central Registry Makombe Building id xxxxxxxx but cannot find my name when searching on the online voters registration rile. Voters' Roll Errors
Ballot box irregularities Harare 01.08.2013 - 21:20 Not in the accompany of officials, a women went to the command centre with a box full of unsigned ballot papers. The box is believed to belong to ZANU PF. The woman came from Dzivarasekwa extension,however the police have been summoned. Irregularities in Voting Process
Voting extension in the absence of voters Umzururu Primary (5504), Ward 25, Zvimba east, Mash West 01.08.2013 - 03:10 Umzururu Primary (5504), Ward 25, Zvimba east, Mash West Poll station had 1 or 2 people trickling through from 6pm - 7pm yet the voting was extended indefinitely (last check past 9.30pm). Why was voting extended when there were no voters in queue / crowds? This is against the rules and raises the question of potential rigging, when there are no people around to witness irregularities! Irregularities in Voting Process
Violence Harare 30.07.2013 - 21:17 I witnessed violence on my way home,right now i'm terrified ZANU PF mob attacked a bus which was carrying MDC supporters, i the bus was just infront of the car i was traveling in,small kids were also throwing stones at the Bus. Intimidation or Violence
Intimidation and bribery Ward 2, Muzarabani 31.07.2013 - 15:29 On the 29th of July 2013, ZANU- PF aspiring councillor Oliver Ururu, Amos Musonza and Daniel Gombera moved around the ward telling people that they should vote for ZANU-PF if they want peace to prevail after elections Intimidation or Violence
Violence and Intimidation Chegutu 31.07.2013 - 13:04 On the 25th of July 2013, Mrs Gonza intimidated and harassed xxxxx xxxxxxx for being an MDC-T polling agent. Gonza was identified as a supporter for Mudimu who is an aspiring independent Member of Parliament. Intimidation or Violence
My name no longer on voter's role Harare 03.07.2013 - 03:48 I have been a registered voter all along, but now my name is nolonger on the voter's role. Voters' Roll Errors
Not registered Bulawayo 01.07.2013 - 03:58 My name is not on the voter's roll. I registered to vote in 2000 and have voted at every election after that. Voters' Roll Errors
Chimvuri B/C polling centre war Buhera 31.07.2013 - 13:11 Chimvuri B/C polling centre ward8 Buhera Voting is peaceful. However high no of assisted voters suggests there is no freedom. Strategic coercion must be in use. Assisted Voting
no record found harare 30.06.2013 - 15:46 I registered and voted in 2008, but the system now says no records found when i type in my ID number. Voters' Roll Errors
Forced removal of MDC posters from shops at Nerupiri Business Centre Gutu 26.07.2013 - 12:29 Zanu PF is forcing business people to remove MDC-T posters from the walls of their shops in Gutu South at Nerupiri Business Centre, and threatening people saying they must vote for Zanu PF because there will be a computer inside the ballot box recording the names of people voting for MDC-T and those people will be beaten at the time of re-run. Intimidation or Violence, Campaign materials/regalia
There is 1 tent in Highfield along Mangwende whi Highfield 31.07.2013 - 19:53 There is 1 tent in Highfield along Mangwende which was not used it was locked the wholeday Irregularities in Voting Process
Missing from voter roll Victoria Falls 01.08.2013 - 00:31 In 2008 I changed my constituency and registered in 2008 at Victory Primary School Victoria Falls and have the registration slip which I took with me to vote in my ward in Vic Falls. In 2008 I voted at the Woodlands Vic Falls Polling station. (I had previously checked my name on your voters roll - still registered to old constituency - Hurungwe East. I left there in 2002) -At the first polling station (The trading centre, Vic Falls)I was told: I was not on the voters roll -At the second polling station (Victory Primary School, Vic Falls)I was told: I was not on the voters roll and that I should have re-registered before this election. Also told that my name was not on the roll any more as I was an alien. I AM NOT! After consultation with command centre and checking the electronic voters roll, I was eventually told that I was down for Hurungwe East. There were observers present who heard everything Voters' Roll Errors, Turned Away at Polling Station
People turned away from voting Mount Pleasant Drive, Harare 31.07.2013 - 18:09 Many people turned away, coz their names in other wards. In Mt Pleasant Heights 129 people turned away by 11am 3:33 PM - 31 Jul 13 Turned Away at Polling Station
women threatened with beating if they do not attend ZANU rally Hippo Valley 22.07.2013 - 12:48 Ndirikuona mai veZanu mai Sengerai vachifamba vachikorokodza madzimai eChishamiso Hippo Valley Chiredzi vachiti hendei tinozorabwa kurally (In Hippo Valley, Chiredzi I am witnessing a Zanu member Mrs Sengerai encouraging all women to go and attend a rally or they will be beaten) Intimidation or Violence, Forced Political Participation
Intimidation Ward 5, Muzarabani 31.07.2013 - 15:09 At Kapembere polling station, aspiring ZANU-PF councillor identified as Mutunda Rason is intimidating voters in the queue. He is telling them that there will be no peace in Muzarabani if ZANU-PF loses the election. Intimidation or Violence, Irregularities in Voting Process
NOT REGISTERED Mutare 22.07.2013 - 15:06 I checked for my name and I found that I was not registered. Voters' Roll Errors
The process is very slow and bo Chiredzi 31.07.2013 - 13:03 The process is very slow and boring ,Chiredzi. Irregularities in Voting Process
Incorrect Constituency Harare 30.07.2013 - 12:37 I was registered in Harare South Constituency Voters' Roll Errors
Name on voters roll but left Zimbabwe in 1998 London 29.06.2013 - 02:11 Name on voters roll but left Zimbabwe in 1998 Voters' Roll Errors
All newly registerd voters w sl Mutare 31.07.2013 - 13:16 All newly registerd voters w slips ar being turnd away coz their names dnt appear in the roll. My wife has bn denyd to cast. I'm in mutare urban. Turned Away at Polling Station
Voter Fraud Harare 22.07.2013 - 11:17 The system being used now is to send names to wrong polling station,example u stay in bulawayo ,ur name is registere in highfield in harare l have proof Voter Fraud
Delayed voting Midlands 17.07.2013 - 15:35 In Mberengwa East, voting began at 1423 hrs Special Voting Exercise discrepancies
Not on the voters roll Harare 18.07.2013 - 12:35 Hie, can't find my name on the voters roll and l wasn't given my receipt to show tha l have registered. Voters' Roll Errors
Error on voters roll Harare 29.07.2013 - 15:34 I am registered in the wrong constituency Voters' Roll Errors
Voter feedback Highfield, Harare 31.07.2013 - 12:22 JUST VOTED AND EXCITED IN HIGHFIELD THE PROCESS IS FAST AND EFFICIENT NOTHING TO COMPLAIN. Irregularities in Voting Process
Voter fraud Zaka 04.07.2013 - 15:30 My name appears on a voter's roll but I NEVER registered to vote Voter Fraud
Name not appearing Bluffhill 30.06.2013 - 15:59 I have voted in 2 previous elections but my name is not appearing. Voters' Roll Errors
Voter feedback Harare North 31.07.2013 - 12:41 New March polling station, Hre Nort constiuency.Names are missing in the voters roll and too many people ar being returned home without voting. Turned Away at Polling Station
Voter fraud and assisted voting in Murehwa Murehwa 31.07.2013 - 18:02 A polling agent from Murehwa said 257 of the 530 voters at his station were assisted after saying they cannot write. During the special vote 7 officers had voted for ZANU-PF but a call from central command ordered the chief polling officer to make it 35, and it was done. Assisted Voting, Monitors/Agents, Voter Fraud
Zanu PF activists intimidating voters Midlands 17.07.2013 - 15:26 In Zhombe, Zanu PF activists were loitering around a polling station in their party regalia intimidating police officers waiting to cast their ballots.? Intimidation or Violence, Special Voting Exercise discrepancies
Voter Fraud Harare 22.07.2013 - 14:23 Surprised to see my name on the voters roll, i have never registered, i am now staying here in south africa , my ID number is xx-xxxxxx-x-xx. Please remove my name . Voter Fraud
On voters roll but left Zimbabwe in 2001 Harare 20.07.2013 - 15:41 I left Zimbabwe in 2001. I am still on the voters roll. How is this possible? Is it possible that my vote has been used in past elections and will be used again this year? Voter Fraud
Violence and assault Ward 29, Shamva 31.07.2013 - 15:44 On the 28th of July 2013, at Shamva Gold mine, a group of ZANU-PF activists disrupted an MDC-T rally which was supposed to be addressed by Tendai Biti (MDC-T Secretary General). The ZANU-PF activists also went on to assault MDC-T activists with stones resulting in 5 MDC-T activists being injured. The incident took place at 13:00 hours in the full view of officers from Shamva Police station who did not take any action during the incident. Intimidation or Violence
No ink detector in wards 6,9 & 12 in Bindura rur Bindura 31.07.2013 - 21:32 No ink detector in wards 6,9 & 12 in Bindura rural polling stations. Ques still very long and moving slowly despite people having started queuing as early as 2am Irregularities in Voting Process
Violence Bindura 30.07.2013 - 18:29 On the 28th of July 2013, Headman Abraham Mhembere assaulted 3 women, Tamburayi Jimu and her two friends. They were assaulted for wearing MDC-T regalia. The matter was reported to Bindura Police station but no arrests have been made yet. Intimidation or Violence
Registered voter unable to vote Kuwadzana 01.08.2013 - 21:01 My dad has failed to vote in ward 38 Kuwadzana. he was registered in 1990 and has been voting since then. Turned Away at Polling Station
Turned away Norton 05.08.2013 - 15:19 My 2 friends from Norton were both turned away for the following reasons: 1 was in the wrong constituency (despite having voted at that station in every election!) The 2nd one was told he was not on the voters roll. He went back a 2nd time and they found his name. He was then told that he couldn't vote at that station, but, had to go to another one 200 kilometers away. Turned Away at Polling Station, Voters' Roll Errors
On voters roll but have never registered Harare 29.06.2013 - 15:01 my name appears on the voters roll , but I have never ever registerted to vote before and it is an area i have never lived. Voters' Roll Errors
Refused permission to choose own person to assist them Midlands province 31.07.2013 - 15:09 In Midlands those who are illiterate, were not being given a chance to choose a person who can assist them as stated by Section 59 of the Electoral Act. (ZESN report) Assisted Voting, Intimidation or Violence
I am in mt Darwin voting is goi Mt Darwin 31.07.2013 - 13:07 I am in mt Darwin voting is going on wel. But kids were forced to get IDs for kids below 16 are voting. Irregularities in Voting Process